Family Day, which replaced Mother’s Day in Israel in an effort to be more inclusive, will be marked on Sunday this year. To commemorate the day, the Central Bureau of Statistics released a statistical portrait of the Israeli family on Tuesday, in all of its geographic and social diversity. Here is some of what the agency found, based on data from 2014 and 2015.
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The average size of a family in 2015 was 3.72 people. Among families with a Jewish head of household, the figure was 3.56 and among Arab families it was 4.59. A third of Arab families were composed of six or more people, but that was the case for just 10 percent of Jewish families.
The average Israeli household spending on products and services (as of 2015) was 15,400 shekels ($4,150). The average gross income per household per month was 18,700 shekels. Based on 2014 data, the Central Bureau of Statistics reported that the Tel Aviv district had the highest household income, at 22,500 shekels a month, while the Jerusalem district had the lowest — at 14,800 shekels per month. Households that were deemed “large families” by the statistics bureau had on average 1.3 times the income as families without children.
There are about 2.62 million children under the age of 18 living in family households; 92 percent of them live with two parents and 8 percent with one parent. The prevalence of Arab families with four or more children under 18 is almost twice the frequency among Jewish families.
In 2015, there were 1.7 million couples living together in Israel, 95 percent of whom were married. The vast majority of unmarried couples living together – 83,000 of them – were Jewish and 68 percent of them had no children.
From a geographical perspective, only 40 percent of all Tel Aviv families had children under 18 – the lowest in the country. The other extreme was found in West Bank settlements, where 69 percent of families had children under 18. The countrywide figure was 49 percent.
The Tel Aviv district, which includes areas around the city as well, had the highest rate of couples without children – at 33 percent. The comparable nationwide figure was just 5.9 percent. The average age of the head of household nationally was 47, while in West Bank settlements, it was 40.
In a measure of more overcrowding in Arab Israeli households, Jewish households on average had less than one person per room – 0.82 to be exact – while the average Arab household had 1.36 people per room.
The region where Israeli households had the highest proportion of those who were employed was in West Bank Jewish settlements, where it was 89.7 percent, while the lowest rate was in the Haifa district, where the comparable figure was 74.9 percent. Among the country’s major cities, Rishon Letzion, the large Tel Aviv suburb, had the highest level of employment, with 82.5 percent of households having residents holding down a job. Next was Tel Aviv itself, at 81.4 percent and the Tel Aviv suburb of Ramat Gan at 81.3 percent. The rate for the city of Haifa, as opposed to the larger Haifa district was the lowest at 72 percent.
And finally, the Central Bureau of Statistics surveyed the most common last names, and found that as of 2015, the most common name was Cohen. In fact there were 180,000 Cohens in the country. In descending order, the next most common last names were Levy, Mizrahi and Peretz.
The most common Muslim name was Agbariya, a name shared by 1.3 percent — or 19,000 — of Muslim Israelis, followed by the 16,500 Muslim Israelis with the last name of Mahamid and the 15,000 Jabareens. Among Israeli Druze, the most common last name was Halabi.