Aid Flows Into Iraq Shi'ite Town After Siege Broken

Jubilant security forces, Shi'ite fighters and residents of Amirli greeted Nouri al-Maliki with hugs when he arrived in the town, where some 15,000 Shi'ite Turkmens had been stranded.

The Associated Press
The Associated Press
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Shiite militiamen patrol in Amirli, 105 miles (170 kilometers) north of Baghdad, Iraq, Sunday, Aug. 31, 2014. Credit: AP
The Associated Press
The Associated Press

Iraq's outgoing prime minister, Nouri al-Maliki, travelled to a small northern Shi'ite town Monday, praising its residents for fending off attacks by Sunni militants who had besieged them for more than two months until security forces, backed by Iran-allied Shi'ite militias and U.S. airstrikes, broke the siege a day earlier.

Jubilant security forces, Shi'ite fighters and residents of Amirli greeted Maliki with hugs and Shi'ite slogans when he arrived in the town, where some 15,000 Shi'ite Turkmens had been stranded.

In footage aired on state TV, Maliki was shown sitting at a wooden desk in front of a large poster of Shi'ite leader Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistsani, ordering promotions and awards for forces who took part in ending the siege.

"I salute you for your steadfastness and patience against those beasts and killers," he told a gathering of fighters in the large hall, as they chanted Shi'ite religious slogans.

Hours before the visit, aid began to flow to the town.

Ali al-Bayati, who heads local NGO the Turkmen Saving Foundation, said that four trucks loaded with foodstuffs, medicine and fruit had entered the town. The aid was sent by the Iraqi government and the Iraqi Red Crescent, he said, adding that soldiers had begun bringing food to families in their houses Sunday night.

"The situation is getting back to normal, but gradually," Bayati told The Associated Press. "Some people have come out from their houses and walk in the street. Shops are still closed, but people are happy to see their city secured by Iraqi security forces," he added.

Since early this year, Iraq has faced a growing Sunni insurgency, led by the Islamic State and allied militants, who have taken over territory in the country's north and west. The crisis is Iraq's worst since the 2011 withdrawal of U.S. troops.

A June offensive stunned Iraqi security forces and the military, which melted away and withdrew as IS overran the northern cities of Mosul and Tikrit, as well as small towns and villages on their path.

Since then, Iraqi security forces and Shi'ite militias have been fighting the militants without achieving significant progress on the ground.

Thousands of fighters from Iranian-backed Shi'ite militias have answered a call by Sistani to join government forces in the fight against the Sunni insurgents.

The U.S. air strikes that helped liberate Amirli were the first to hit areas where the Iranian-backed militias fought Sunni militants, possibly outlining an unlikely alliance between the United States and Shi'ite militiamen who once fought American soldiers in Iraq.

It also means the strikes supported forces backed by Iran, whose Revolutionary Guard military advisers have been guiding Shi'ite militiamen in artillery attacks on Sunni positions.

Since August 8, the United States has carried out at least 120 air strikes with aircraft and unmanned drones. It has focused on areas bordering the self-ruled northern Kurdish region where Kurdish forces have been fighting the militants.

Also Monday, the United Nations said that at least 1,420 Iraqis were reported killed in violence in August, down from the previous month.

The UN mission to Iraq, known as UNAMI, said in its monthly statement that the death toll includes 1,265 civilians and 155 members of Iraq's security forces. It added that 1,370 were wounded, including 1,198 civilians.

July's death toll stood at 1,737 people. In June, 2,400 were killed as Sunni militants swept across the country, the highest figure since at least April 2005.

The statement said the figures are the "absolute minimum" number of casualties and they do not include deaths in the western Anbar province or other parts of northern Iraq that have been held by militants for months. "The actual figures could be significantly higher," it added.