Egypt: Shalit Swap Talks Have Resumed

Palestinian website claims Israel softening on Palestinian prisoners' release

Israel and Hamas have recently resumed negotiations for releasing the abducted Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit, Egyptian sources told Haaretz yesterday. A senior Hamas official in Gaza denied that the talks were taking place.

The soldier, captured by Gaza militants in a cross-border raid in 2006, has been held by Hamas, presumably in the Gaza Strip, for over four years. Hamas has demanded the release of hundreds of Palestinian prisoners held in Israeli prisons in exchange for Shalit's freedom.

Noam and Aviva Shalit Michal Fattal Sept. 1, 2010
Michal Fattal

An Egyptian source said the talks, conducted by a new German mediator, are being held with Egyptian intelligence officers. No breakthrough was reported, but the efforts are ongoing, he said.

The Gaza-based Palestinian website yesterday reported significant progress in the talks, especially regarding the Palestinian prisoners whose release Hamas is demanding. According to the website, the talks have been undertaken in secret, under Egypt's aegis.

Israel is displaying more flexibility regarding the prisoners it is willing to release, said. In the past, negotiations broke down over specific prisoners whom Israel was unwilling to free.

According to the website, Israel is now willing to be more flexible on a number of prisoners it had previously refused to release because they had blood on their hands or represented security risks. The list includes Marwan Barghouti, Ahmad Sadat, one of Hamas' military faction's leaders, Ibrahim Hamad and Hamas activists Abdullah Barghouti, Abbas Sayad, Jamal Abu Al-Hija, Abed al-Nasser Isa, Hassan Salame and Walid Aakal. Three female prisoners - Amana Mona, Kahariya A-Sahi and Ahlam A-Tamimi - are also included.

The Prime Minister's Office said there was no new German mediator and talks to release Shalit were ongoing through existing channels.

A senior Hamas official in Gaza, Mahmoud a-Zahar, yesterday denied the talks' existence. If the negotiations had been resumed he would have known about it, he told Israel Radio.

The negotiations have been stuck in recent months following the failure of the previous German mediator, Gerhard Conrad, to reach a deal. The previous round of talks broke down due to Israel's rejection of Hamas' demands.

Hamas had stated it would not free Shalit unless Israel releaed all 450 prisoners on the list the organization passed on to Egypt four years ago. Israel agreed to release most of those on the list, apart from a few dozen it sees as most dangerous.

Israel demanded the expulsion of close to 100 of the released prisoners from the West Bank, their home. But Hamas refused, demanding the prisoners be allowed to return home to the West Bank and not be deported to Gaza.

After repeated failed efforts, Conrad left the region.

Another controversy erupted between Hamas leaders in Damascus and those in Gaza over the Shalit deal. Officials in Syria and the leaders of the military faction in Gaza, headed by Ahmed al-Jabri, refused to compromise over the organization's demands - as A-Zahar was.

At a certain point A-Zahar resigned from Hamas' negotiation team over this issue.