JTA – The past week has seen a wave of Palestinian attacks on Israelis, and Israeli military operations, once again prompting fears of a third intifada. Here’s a timeline of the lead-up to the unrest and the attacks themselves.
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September 9 – Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Yaalon outlaws the Mourabitat, an Islamist protest group Israel says is violent, from the Temple Mount. Muslims, who revere the site as the Noble Sanctuary, protest the decision.
September 13 – Israeli security forces raid the mount in the morning, ahead of Rosh Hashanah, and discover stockpiles of firebombs, pipe bombs and rocks they feared would be used against Jewish worshippers.
Palestinan protesters throw rocks at Alexander Levlovich, a 64-year-old Israeli, as he drives home from Rosh Hashanah dinner. Levlovich loses control of the car and crashes. He dies the next morning.
September 14 – Israeli police clash with Palestinian protesters on the Temple Mount. Two Israelis are wounded. The U.S. State Department calls on all sides to “refrain from provocative actions and rhetoric.”
September 15 – On the third straight day of clashes on the mount, 26 Palestinians and five Israeli policemen are wounded.
September 18 – As clashes continue on the mount, 26 Palestinians and five Israeli policemen are wounded. Israel bars Muslim men under 40 from the mount on Friday and increases police presence in the Old City of Jerusalem and on the Temple Mount. Clashes temporarily die down.
September 19 – After rockets from the Gaza Strip land in Israel, causing no casualties, Israeli jets bomb Gaza.
September 22 – If clashes continue, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas says in a speech, it could lead to an “intifada we don’t want.”
September 24 – Israel increases the penalty for stone throwing, upping fines and prison sentences for stone throwers. Israel also relaxes the open-fire orders for police officers combatting stone throwers.
September 28 – Riots start again on the Temple Mount, then die down, as Israeli security forces again uncover stockpiles of weapons.
September 30 – Speaking to the United Nations General Assembly, Abbas accuses Israel of using “brutal force to impose its plans to undermine the Islamic and Christian sanctities in Jerusalem.” He also says Israel has broken previous Israeli-Palestinian agreements and says the Palestinian Authority will not be bound by them.
October 1 – Netanyahu addresses the UN In addition to a lengthy rebuke of the world’s embrace of Iran, Netanyahu reiterates his assertion that Israel seeks to maintain the status quo on the mount. He also repeats his call to restart negotiations without preconditions with the Palestinians.
At night, as they drive home through the West Bank, Rabbi Eitam and Naama Henkin are ambushed by terrorists and shot dead in front of their four children.
October 3 – A terrorist kills two ultra-Orthodox Jewish men in the Old City of Jerusalem. Aharon Bennett, a 22-year-old Israeli soldier, is on the way to the Western Wall when he, his wife and their two sons are attacked. He is off duty and out of uniform. His wife, Adele, 21, is seriously wounded and undergoes emergency surgery.
The second victim, Nehemia Lavi, 41, is stabbed and killed when he tried to fend off the terrorist with a gun. The assailant is shot by police.
October 4 – Moshe Malka, 15, is stabbed near the Old City. The stabber, Fadi Alloun, is shot by police as he flees the scene. But Palestinians claim he is innocent and was shot by police at the urging of an extremist Jewish mob.
October 5 – Thousands demonstrate in front of Netanyahu’s residence, demanding harsher security measures.
Netanyahu says: “We are allowing our forces to take strong action against those who throw rocks and firebombs. This is necessary in order to safeguard the security of Israeli citizens on the roads and everywhere. We are not prepared to give immunity to any rioter, inciter or terrorist anywhere; therefore, there are no restrictions on the action of our security forces.”
In military raids in the West Bank, Israel kills two Palestinians, including a 13-year-old, within 24 hours.
October 6 – The IDF arrests the five-man Hamas cell allegedly responsible for the Henkin attack.
October 7 – Four separate attacks take place against Israelis. A soldier is stabbed in the southern city of Kiryat Gat, a man is stabbed in the Old City of Jerusalem, a woman is attacked with stones as she drives to the West Bank settlement of Tekoa, and a man is stabbed in the central city of Petah Tikva.
October 8 – Four more stabbing attacks take place. A man is stabbed in Jerusalem, another is stabbed in Kiryat Arba and five people are lightly wounded in a stabbing attack in central Tel Aviv. Later, a solider is stabbed in the northern Israeli city of Afula.
Netanyahu bars all Knesset members from the Temple Mount, hoping to curb escalations.