Ethiopian IDF Recruits to Undergo Placement Testing by External Body

Move prompted by the consistently low scores achieved by Ethiopians in standard placement test for military recruits.

Gili Cohen
Gili Cohen
Send in e-mailSend in e-mail
Send in e-mailSend in e-mail
Israeli soldiers from the Ethiopian community.
Israeli soldiers from the Ethiopian community.Credit: Moti Milrod
Gili Cohen
Gili Cohen

Starting next month, all Ethiopian recruits to the Israel Defense Forces will be tested by a non-military body to determine where they will serve in the army. The testing, which determines a ranking known by its Hebrew acronym Kaba, will be conducted by the Feuerstein Institute, based in Jerusalem.

The army’s decision to apply a different testing procedure to Ethiopian recruits was the result of consistently low placement scores by members of the community in the regular Kaba testing, which is conducted by the IDF itself.

In 2013, more than 57 percent of female recruits of Ethiopian origin and about 55 percent of the males had a Kaba score of less than 47 percent. In previous years, some 65 percent of Ethiopian female recruits and 60 percent of males had low Kaba scores.

The minimum Kaba score for officer training is 51 percent, a level that was reached by only 10 to 16 percent of Ethiopian recruits in recent years.

The Kaba score is not only used indicate who will be suitable for army service. It is also used to determine where recruits will serve and whether they will take command courses.

In 2011, it was decided that members of the Ethiopian community could enroll in officer training on the basis of recommendations from their commanding officers, rather than being required to meet the minimal Kaba threshold. However, the numbers remained low. In 2013, for example, the number of Ethiopian recruits doing officer training was roughly one-fifth of the corresponding number from the population as a whole.

Army officials concluded that the Kaba placement test, in its current form, was not suitable for recruits from the Ethiopian community.

In recent years, recruits to non-combat units — most of them women of Ethiopian origin and a few men — have done a preparatory course for military service. The results of the so-called Amir course, provided by the Feuerstein Institute, have determined the recruit’s placement, rather than Kaba scores.

According to the latest decision, all testing of recruits from the Ethiopian community will be conducted by the institute, with an alternative test prepared by the army’s Behavioral Science Department.

Transferral of both testing and the sorting process to an outside body is a pilot program. The army is expected to decide at a later stage whether it should be expanded to women recruits designated for combat roles.

Click the alert icon to follow topics:



Automatic approval of subscriber comments.

Subscribe today and save 40%

Already signed up? LOG IN


Trump and Netanyahu at the White House in Washington, in 2020.

Three Years Later, Israelis Find Out What Trump Really Thought of Netanyahu

German soldier.

The Rival Jewish Spies Who Almost Changed the Course of WWII

Rio. Not all Jewish men wear black hats.

What Does a Jew Look Like? The Brits Don't Seem to Know

Galon. “I’m coming to accomplish a specific mission: to increase Meretz’s strength and ensure that the party will not tread water around the electoral threshold. If Meretz will be large enough, it will be the basis for a Jewish-Arab partnership.” Daniel Tchetchik

'I Have No Illusions About Ending the Occupation, but the Government Needs the Left'

Soldiers using warfare devices made by the Israeli defense electronics company Elbit Systems.

Russia-Ukraine War Catapults Israeli Arms Industry to Global Stage

Flame and smoke rise during an Israeli air strike, amid Israel-Gaza fighting, in Gaza City August 6, 2022.

Israel Should End Gaza Operation Now, if It Can