Somali Islamist Group Al Shabaab Names New Leader After U.S. Air Strike

The terrorist group selects Sheikh Ahmad Umar Abu Ubaidah as its head; warns enemies of 'great distress.'

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Reuters
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Al Shabab trainees, south of Mogadishu, Somalia. Feb.17, 2011.
Al Shabab trainees, south of Mogadishu, Somalia. Feb.17, 2011. Credit: AP
Reuters
Reuters

MOGADISHU – The Somali Islamist militant group al Shabaab confirmed yesterday that its leader, Ahmed Godane, had been killed in a U.S. air strike this week and named a new leader, promising “great distress” to its enemies.

U.S. forces struck Godane’s encampment in south-central Somalia with Hellfire missiles and laser-guided munitions on Monday, but the Pentagon did not confirm his death until Friday.

Western governments and neighboring countries want to neutralize a group that they say has exploited Somalia’s chaos to attract jihadists and train them to fight.

In a statement, al Shabaab reaffirmed its affiliation to Al-Qaida, and named its new leader as Sheikh Ahmad Umar Abu Ubaidah, warning its enemies to “expect only that which will cause you great distress.”

Little is known of al Shabaab’s new leader, but a local elder who asked not be named said he had joined al Shabaab in 2006 and, like Godane, hailed from the Dir clan.

Godane himself was named head of al Shabaab in 2008, less than a week after his predecessor, Aden Hashi Ayro, was killed in a similar U.S. raid.

Godane dramatically raised the group’s profile, carrying out bombings and suicide attacks in Somalia and elsewhere in the region, including last September’s attack on the Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya, in which 67 people died. Godane publicly claimed responsibility for that attack, saying it was revenge for Kenyan and Western involvement in Somalia, and noting its proximity to the anniversary of the 9/11 attacks on the United States.

The militants have also staged guerrilla attacks in parts of the capital, as well as in neighboring Kenya and Uganda.

The Pentagon said Friday that Godane’s killing was a “major symbolic and operational loss” for al Shabaab, but some analysts have said it could bring more violence.

Al Shabaab, whose name means “The Youth,” said two of Godane’s companions had been killed in the attack, adding, “Avenging the death of our scholars and leaders is a binding obligation on our shoulders that we will never relinquish or forget, no matter how long it takes.”

The group, which aims to impose its own strict version of Islam, controlled Mogadishu and the southern region of Somalia from 2006 until 2011. It was forced out of the capital by peacekeeping forces deployed by the African Union, who have launched a new offensive against the Islamists this year.

Kenya deployed troops with the AU force to try to prevent al Shabaab encroaching onto its own territory, and suffered retribution in the shape of the attack on the Westgate mall.

Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta thanked the United States for killing Godane, and “for bringing an end to Godane’s career of death and destruction; and finally allowing us to begin our healing process.”

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