Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Sunday that the interim agreement reached between Iran and six world powers in Geneva over the Tehran's nuclear program endangered Israel, calling the deal a "historic mistake."
- Iran, World Powers Reach Interim Deal
- U.S. 'Fact Sheet' on Iran Deal
- Israel: Iran Deal Must Address 'Military Dimension'
- U.S.-Iran Held Secret Nuclear Talks
- Despite Iran Deal, Israel Won't Attack
- Iran's Distanced From Bomb Now
- The Real Work on Iran Starts Now
- Israel Intel Revealed Secret U.S.-Iran Talks
- Iran Hard-liners Oppose Nuclear Deal
- Israel, Saudis Planning New Stuxnet?
- U.S., Israel Still Not on Same Iran Page
- Opposition to the Nuclear Deal Is Daft
- U.S. Consults Israel on Iran Deal
"What was achieved last night in Geneva is not a historic agreement; it is a historic mistake," he said. "Today the world has become a much more dangerous place because the most dangerous regime in the world has taken a significant step toward attaining the most dangerous weapon in the world."
"This agreement and what it means endanger many countries including, of course, Israel," he said. "Israel is not bound by this agreement. The Iranian regime is committed to the destruction of Israel and Israel has the right and the obligation to defend itself, by itself, against any threat. As Prime Minister of Israel, I would like to make it clear: Israel will not allow Iran to develop a military nuclear capability."
In an address to the foreign press later Sunday, Netanyahu added that Israel had the right and obligation to tell its allies when it disagreed. "Israel has a lot of friends and allies but when they are mistaken it is my duty and obligation to say so," he said.
Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon on Sunday also denounced the deal as a Western "capitulation" to Iran.
“The agreement signed in Geneva is not an achievement for the West, but a capitulation to a charm offensive and fraud by Iran, whose goal is to win time without substantive damage to its military nuclear program,” said Ya’alon. “Due to a preference for short-term considerations and the West’s irresoluteness, the Iranian regime has been given the legitimacy to continue its military nuclear project and continue its worldwide terror activities, while it is no longer internationally isolated and its economy has been strengthened.”
President Shimon Peres gave a more measured response, saying time would tell whether the agreement was effective.
“This is a temporary agreement, not a permanent one,” he said. “We will be able to judge its results based only on the outcome, not on words alone.”
Peres added that while Israel would rather resolve the Iranian nuclear issue through diplomacy than through a possible military strike, failure to achieve this would yie;ld a much "tougher" alternative.
“Like every other country, we also prefer a diplomatic solution over any other solution,” he said. “But I want to recall the words of President Obama: a diplomatic solution is preferable, but if it doesn’t succeed, the alternatives will be a lot worse and a lot tougher.”
Peres also urged the Iranian people to "choose true peace, turn Iran into a responsible country that is not involved in terrorism, doesn’t try to create a nuclear threat, that doesn’t speak coarsely and threateningly about other nations. After all, no one is threatening you, and you won’t be threatened if you don’t threaten others.”
In their initial reactions to the agreement signed earlier Sunday between Iran and the powers, most Israel officials termed the deal a "bad" one.
An official in the Prime Minister's Office said that the deal allows Iran to continue enriching uranium, leaves Iran in control of all its centrifuges and does not require the heavy water reactor in Arak to be dismantled.
“The economic pressure Iran is under could have led to a much better deal that destroys Iran’s nuclear capabilities,” the official said, adding that the deal “gives Iran exactly what it wanted – a serious lessening of sanctions as well as preserving the most significant parts of its nuclear program.”
Though Israeli officials say the agreement reached in Geneva between Iran and United States, France, Germany, Britain, China and Russia does not go far enough, it is meant to curb Tehran’s nuclear program in exchange for limited sanctions relief.
The United States said the agreement halted progress on Iran's nuclear program, including construction of the Arak research reactor, which is of special concern for the West as it can yield potential bomb material. It said most of the sanctions would remain in place.
Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said that Israel would act independently of the deal reached with Iran, adding that all options remain on the table.
“We have to be serious enough to take responsibility for our fate,” he told Israel Radio. “As always, all options are on the table.”
Lieberman called the deal a victory for Iran’s religious leaders.
“Obviously when you look at the smiles of the Iranians over there in Geneva, you realize that this is the Iranians’ greatest victory, maybe since the Khomeini revolution, and it doesn’t really change the situation within Iran,” said Lieberman. Referring to Iran’s supreme religious leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, he said “Khamenei and the Revolutionary Guard are the true rulers, not [Iranian President Hassan] Rohani.”
Lieberman also indicated that Israel would be seeking other allies than the U.S. and would have to start "taking responsibility regardless of the American stance."
“We have no alternative other than the United States, but Israel must look into new directions in addition to the U.S.,” he said. "We must take responsibility regardless of the stance of the Americans, or of others. We must make our own independent decisions."
Deputy Defense Minister Danny Danon denounced the agreement as an “excellent deal for Iran and a dangerous one for the world, neutralizing the sanctions instead of the centrifuges. The agreement does not dismantle even a single centrifuge or reactor, but is a critical blow to sanctions.”
Deputy Foreign Minister Zeev Elkin told Army Radio that while the Prime Minister’s Office has been informed of the details of the agreement, other Israeli officials who were waiting to find out the specifics still found it to be a bad deal.
“What we know about the agreement doesn’t change our estimation that this is a bad deal, for a simple reason: Iran’s technological capability is not the same technological capability it had two years ago,” said Elkin. “What the Iranians are purportedly promising to stop under the agreement was a great deal two years ago, but today it’s almost nothing. In effect, what they are getting here is an opportunity to continue enriching uranium at low levels. The bottom line is clear: Iran can continue to make progress. When you lessen sanctions, you’re gassing up Iran’s economy and it will be less eager to reach a final agreement.”
Elkin said the deal has “several tactical mistakes.” He also said that while Israel and the United States have some disagreements on the Iran deal, there is no outright clash.
“The agreement doesn’t improve the situation,” said Elkin. “It freezes the situation.”
Strategic and Intelligence Affairs Minister Yuval Steinitz said Sunday that some changes were added at Israel’s request but that “the agreement was and remains a bad deal that will make it difficult to reach a suitable resolution in the future.”
Over the last few days, Israeli officials recognized that the deal was almost certainly going to go through. They tried to change some of the clauses, and some of their suggestions were implemented.
Saying the deal was based on Iranian deception and Western self-deception, Steinitz said that “despite the disappointment, we will continue to insist on our positions and to work with our friends in the United States and the rest of the world to reach a comprehensive solution that will include the true and full dismantlement of Iran’s military nuclear infrastructure.”
Economy Minister Naftali Bennett, meanwhile, said that Israel was not obligated to adhere to the agreement reached with the Iran, "to a deal that endangers its existence."
The State of Israel has the right to defend itself and is capable of doing so, Bennett said in an interview with Army Radio, warning that if Iran gets a nuclear bomb, it meant that Saudi Arabia and Syria could also, setting in motion the chance of a fully nuclear Middle East.
“The bad deal that was signed gives Iran exactly what it wanted – a serious lessening of sanctions as well as preserving the most significant parts of its nuclear program," Bennett added. "If in another five years a suitcase nuke explodes in New York or Madrid, it will be because of the deal that was signed this morning. There’s a long path ahead, and we will continue to act on all levels.”
Meretz Chairwoman Zahava Gal-On delivered the only positive Israeli response so far to the nuclear deal, saying her colleagues' attack on the deal missed the fact that the agreement was intended to slow down Iran's fast track to a nuclear bomb.
"Israeli government ministers' attack on the agreement diverts the deliberations from the fact that the clauses of the deal include the most important goal, which is a dismantling and a setting back of the fast and dangerous track to a bom," Gal-On said.
"The main sanctions which will be continued to be imposed on Iran, and the IAEA's continued tightening of supervision, including inspectors' daily – and not weekly – visits prove that this is not just an American achievement, but also an Israeli achievement," Gal-On added. "
"The deal that was reached earlier this morning proves that Iran's nuclear progran is not just an Israeli problem, as Netanyahu has been trying to sell us, but a problem of the whole Western world. Netanyahu should be focusing on Israel's urgent problem, and that is to reach a deal with the Palestinians."
The deal would neutralize Iran's stockpile of uranium refined to a fissile concentration of 20 percent, which is a close step away from the level needed for weapons, and calls for intrusive UN nuclear inspections, a senior U.S. official said.
Iran has also committed to stop uranium enrichment above a fissile purity of 5 percent, a U.S. fact sheet said.
Refined uranium can be used to fuel nuclear power plants - Iran's stated goal - but also provide the fissile core of an atomic bomb if refined much further.