Police said on Tuesday they had arrested a man they described as "Tel Aviv's prostitution king", after a two-year manhunt.
Jacky Yazdi, 61, faces charges of operating brothels, human trafficking and rape.
Investigators believe Yazdi to be a key player in a nationwide prostitution network, most of whose members were rounded up in a swoop a year and a half ago.
They said Yazdi used false identities to avoid arrest until he was finally run to ground on Monday.
Yazdi is suspected smuggling women from Eastern Europe across the border with Egypt to work in Israeli brothels.
Police say Yazdi and fellow gang members planned to expand their operations abroad and establish a chain of brothels in Turkish-controlled northern Cyprus.
Gang members were secretly recorded as they attempted to bribe Turkish Cypriot police officers to allow them to operate brothels in the territory, police said.