In-depth: The Or Commission of Inquiry

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"The state commission of inquiry into the clashes between security forces and Israeli civilians," to give it its official name, was appointed by Supreme Court President Aharon Barak on November 15, 2000 - one month after 13 Arabs and one Jew were killed and hundreds hurt in these clashes.

Israeli Arabs killed in clashes

Day by day: How the clashes unfolded

Or Commission timeline

Makeup of the Or panel

Sharon was never asked to testify

Arab street tense on eve of Or Commission report

Barak backs police, gov't over October 2000 riots (21/11/01)
Former prime minister Ehud Barak shook off all personal responsibility for the death of 13 Israeli Arab citizens in the riots of October 2000 in testimony before the Or Commission. Barak also fully backed the police and his former government colleagues for the decisions they took.

Ben-Ami to riot probe: Police brass failed to pass me info (19/11/01)
Former public security minister Shlomo Ben-Ami, testifying before the Or Commission of inquiry, claimed that the political echelon did not know about the use of snipers in handling the clashes. Ben-Ami emphasized that he and former prime minister Ehud Barak knew about the use of snipers only after the investigation of the events began.

Alik Ron: We weren't prepared for October riots (03/09/01)
Alik Ron, commander of the northern police district at the time of the riots in October 2000, and a focus of Israel-Arab ire, testified that the police had not been prepared for the intensity of the riots, due to intelligence reports lacking in detail.