Background: Raed Karmi

The name Raed Karmi, the 27-year-old Fatah member from Tul Karm, was first publicized in August 2001. At that time the defense minister's office published a list containing the names of seven wanted Palestinians. The office then released details of the activities of the seven - members of Fatah, Hamas, and Islamic Jihad - in various attacks and reported that Israel had demanded that the Palestinian Authority arrest them, although this was not done.

Security sources denied that the aforementioned list was a "liquidation list," despite the fact that on September 6, 2001 the Air Force attempted to kill Karmi in a missile strike. Karmi was moderately injured in the attack, and two Tanzim activists - Omar Subuh, 22 and Mustafa Anbus, 19, from the Al- Shams refugee camp in Tul Karm - were killed.

Israel demanded that the PA arrest Karmi on June 14, 2001, one day after signing the Tenet Document. The PA held Karmi in "defensive detention," which allowed him to leave prison and take part in shooting attacks. According to the Shin Bet security service, members of the Thabet Thabet Battalion, which he commanded, are responsible for the following attacks, a number of which Karmi took part in personally:

*Shooting at an Israeli vehicle near the village of Burka, located northwest of Nablus, in December 2000. Two paratroopers and one civilian were seriously wounded in the attack, and the driver was lightly wounded.

*The murder of two Tel Aviv restauranteurs, Moti Dayan and Etgar Zeituni on January 23, 2001 in Tul Karm. The attack was carried out to avenge the assassination of Thabet Thabet, the secretary general of Fatah in Tul Karm.

*The murder of Zvi Shelev, a resident of the settlement of Mevo Dotan, near Baka al Sharkiyeh on May 31, 2001.

*Shooting at the vehicle of Danny Yehuda, a resident of Homesh. Yehuda was killed and another passenger, Alex Briskin, was lightly wounded in the attack.

*The murder of Eliyahu Na'aman, a resident of Pardes Katz, near Tul Karm on July 4, 2001.

*Shooting at a Border Police jeep on July 30, 2001 near the village of Bir-Sika, north of Tul Karm, on the border between Israel and the West Bank. Three of the border policemen were wounded. One of the border policemen, Hani Abramov, was seriously wounded in the incident.

*The murder of Dov Rosman, a resident of Netanya, near the village of Zita, on August 26, 2001.

Shortly before a previous assassination attempt against Karmi, he was interviewed on the ABC network from an undisclosed location in Tul Karm. According to Shin Bet claims, Karmi had close ties to Tanzim leader Marwan Barghouti and his associates. Karmi carried out shooting attacks according to their instructions, received money from them and reported to them on his activities.