Rows of plates with matzah topped with freshly chopped haroset, the traditional Passover sweet condiment, welcomed guests to the White House on Wednesday afternoon for a special holiday cooking demonstration and discussion.
The event was organized by the White House Office of Public Engagement and the National Endowment for the Humanities. The latter recently funded an exhibit at the Jewish Museum of Maryland titled Chosen Food, exploring the history and cultural significance of food in the American Jewish Community.
As my friend Joan Nathan, the queen of American Jewish cooking, looked around the room she said: If only my grandfather could see this. He would just... die!
I spoke to Bill before the demonstration started and asked him about the Obamas plans for their much talked about, yet still private, Passover seder.
Bill, who started working as the White House pastry chef in 2007, recounted for me the famous story of the Obamas first Seder, back in 2008:
On Passover eve during a presidential campaign stop, then-candidate Barack Obama noticed members of his staff were sitting down to a special dinner. He asked to join them at what has since become an annual tradition: a small and private Passover seder hosted by the first family every year at the White House
Joan Nathan and Bill Yosses preparing haroset together at the White House. Photo by Vered Guttman
Before the seder each year, guests are asked to send Bill and White House executive chef Cris Comerford their own familys Passover recipes. The chefs then design a menu for the seder and prepare the dishes according to the guests recipes.
In previous years they served the classics: haroset and brisket. When we met Wednesday. Bill said they were still working on this years menu. He did know, however, which desserts would be served: A flourless chocolate cake (which he promises will be on the White House website before the holiday) and a delicious sounding apricot roll cake, that he was kind enough to share the recipe with me. Bill gets extra points for a dessert that is not only fabulous, but also inspired by Middle Eastern cuisine. Does the president eat Jewish or Israeli food during the year? I asked.
The president LOVES Israeli couscous! Bill didnt have to think much before he answered. Since Israeli couscous is one of the most popular foods imported from Israel, it is often the target of boycott threats by anti-Israeli groups.
Bill did not describe how Obama likes his Israeli couscous prepared, but here is a nice healthy recipe that even first lady Michelle Obama would approve of.
Obama keeps a very open mind about food and likes to try new dishes, Bill told me. He added that the Israeli produce imported to the U.S. is known at the White House kitchen to be of highest quality and the chefs like to use Israeli vegetables and fruit. He could not tell me where they get their produce, as the White House chefs are instructed not to reveal their suppliers for security reasons.
As Joan began her demonstration, she told us that the Passover seder is the holiday most-observed by American Jews. Joan herself will host 44 guests at her house in Washington next week. Nowhere in the world, except for Israel and the U.S., do Jews feel that comfortable, Joan said as she started her cooking demonstration.
Do you know what this is? she asked Bill, pointing at the haroset.
Arkansas pear haroset. Photo by Vered Guttman
I do now! he replied, and added that this administration has opened the door to bringing more people and cultures to the White House. And Im proud to be part of this.
The tradition of serving haroset in Passover, explained Joan, started in Babylon, where haroset was made from pureed dates or date molasses (known in Israel as silan). Maybe it had apples in it, as those were available from Armenia. Maybe it had some chopped nuts as well.
Sephardim always used to make haroset balls, Joan added, and did so in America until the end of the 19th century.
Bill started chopping the pecans and dried figs in the wooden chopping bowl as Joan added the pears and apples. She asked for Bills permission before telling the crowd how he called her a few weeks ago to ask about Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahus dessert preferences before his visit to the White House. They agreed on chocolate dipped macaroons, and thats what was served.
The haroset was ready in no time and both chefs, after dipping their spoons in the mixture, agreed it was delicious.
Although food is the marker of identity, Joan also makes it taste good, said Bill and took another taste.
In a world where everything is the same, food is the one thing thats unique for each family. Some people want to try new dishes every holiday, but I believe you want the good old recipes you can hold on to, Joan concluded.
Just before leaving, Joan pointed at her Passover seder plate, with all the ingredients arranged nicely on it. She paused for a second before adding in her typical amused tone: My mothers shank bone [that she puts on the seder plate] is very different than mine. I believe shes been freezing the same bone for the last 40 years...
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