Russian Jewish Sculptor Moissey Kogan Perished in Auschwitz

FRANKFURT, Germany - Art historians in Germany for the first time have located Russian Jewish sculptor Moissey Kogan's name on lists of deportees to Auschwitz, confirming suspicions he died in the Nazi death camp, a curator said Thursday.

Arie Hartog, curator for a retrospective of Kogan's life work at the Gerhard-Marcks-Haus museum in the northern German city of Bremen, said new research from archives in Paris had located Kogan's name on a list of Jews arrested and deported to Auschwitz by the Nazis in 1943.

The information confirms what art historians began to suspect in the 1960s, but until now had no proof to support: that the sculptor best known for his small sculptures and graphic works was a victim of the Holocaust.

In the late 1940s and 1950s, historians had though that Kogan had died in Paris before the outbreak of World War II, Hartog said. The date of his death has always been listed as unknown.

Kogan remains little known outside of Europe, although he had secured commissions in Berlin, Zurich and Paris before the outbreak of World War I, Hartog said.

"He was considered a great hopeful of European sculpture before 1914," Hartog said.

The Nazis included Kogan on a blacklist of artists in 1933 and included his work in a 1938 exhibit of so-called "degenerate art." He later left Germany for Switzerland and then Paris.

In addition to his sculptures, Kogan made several dozen prints, mainly woodcuts and a few linocuts. A Bonn-based archive is currently working with art historians and public institutions to register and verify all of his works.

The retrospective opens Nov. 3 and runs until Feb. 2, 2003.