Hamas and Fatah Plan to Begin Implementing Unity Pact Next Week

Leaders of Islamist movement to meet Abbas to kick-start procedures for reconciliation, after signing deal in Cairo to mend four-year rift.

Leaders of the Islamist Hamas group will meet Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas next week to start work on implementing their Egyptian-brokered reconciliation deal, a senior Hamas official said on Wednesday.

"We will have a meeting with President Abu Mazen [Abbas] next week, possibly in Cairo to kick-start the procedures for the reconciliation," Hamas deputy leader Moussa Abu Marzouk said in Cairo after the main Palestinian factions ceremonially endorsed the deal, envisaging a unity government and elections.

Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal - Reuters - May 3, 2011

Abbas opened the ceremony by declaring that the Palestinians were turning a "black page" on the division between Hamas and Fatah, which began after the Islamist movement overthrew the Palestinian Authority in the Gaza Strip in a bloody 2007 coup.

"We announce the good news from Egypt which has always carried its national and historical responsibility toward the Palestinian people. Four black years have affected the interests of Palestinians. Now we meet to assert a unified will," he said.

Abbas downplayed Israeli opposition to the reconciliation as an excuse to "evade a peace deal".

Referring to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's repeated warning that Abbas must choose between peace with Israel or peace with Hamas, the Palestinian leader declared: "Israel must choose between peace and settlements."

In what appeared as a sign of lingering friction, Hamas leader Khaled Meshaal did not share the podium with Abbas and the ceremony was delayed briefly over where he would sit. Against expectations, neither signed the unity document.

Abbas had insisted on being the sole speaker at the event and apparently wanted to sit at the podium in order to emphasize his status as president, a move viewed as a squabble over who would control Palestinian foreign policy. Fatah's policy includes negotiating toward a peace agreement with Israel, something which Hamas opposes.

In his speech to the gathering, Meshaal said Hamas sought a Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza devoid of any Israeli settlers and without "giving up a single inch of land" or the right of return of Palestinian refugees.

Israel withdrew soldiers and settlers from Gaza in 2005, but has kept up settlement activity in the much larger West Bank.

Hamas has stated in the past that it would accept as an interim solution in the form of a state in all of the territory Israel captured in the 1967 Six-Day War, along with a long-term ceasefire.

The unity deal calls for forming an interim government to run the West Bank, where Abbas is based, and the Gaza Strip, and prepare for long-overdue parliamentary and presidential elections within a year.

In his speech, Abbas repeated his call for a halt to Israeli settlement construction as a condition for resuming peace talks with Israel that began in September but fizzled within weeks after it refused to extend a limited building moratorium.

"The state of Palestine must be born this year," he said.

Abbas is widely expected, in the absence of peace talks, to ask the UN General Assembly in September to recognize a Palestinian state in all of the West Bank and Gaza. Israel and the United States oppose such a unilateral move.

Palestinians view reconciliation as an essential step toward presenting a common front at the United Nations and a reflection of a deep-seated public desire to end the internal schism amid popular revolts that have swept the Arab world.

But the deal presents potential diplomatic problems for Abbas aid-dependent Palestinian Authority. Much of the West shuns Hamas over its refusal to recognise Israel, renounce violence and accept interim Israeli-Palestinian peace deals.

The United States has reacted coolly to the reconciliation accord. A State Department spokesman, Mark Toner, said the United States would look at the formation of any new Palestinian government before taking steps on future aid.

The Cairo ceremony was greeted with celebrations in the Palestinian territories. But the public displays were less enthusiastic in the West Bank, where Abbas's Fatah movement holds sway, and some doubted the deal was genuine.

"We have decided to pay any price so that reconciliation is achieved," said Meshaal. "Our real fight is with the Israeli occupier, not Palestinian factions and sons of the one nation."

Meshaal later went to meet Abbas where he was staying in Cairo to discuss the deal, Palestinian sources said.

A spokesman for Abbas, Nabil Abu Rdainah, said the deal was signed on behalf of Fatah by Azzam al-Ahmad and for Hamas by Marzouk. It was not immediately clear why Meshaal and Abbas did not put their own signatures to the deal.

"What we heard was that Abbas said he was the president of the Palestinian people of Fatah and of Hamas and not a leader of one faction only," said the Palestinian source on the signing.

Egypt has set up a committee to oversee implementation of the accord.