The coalition will support a bill banning stores from giving out free plastic bags, in an effort to minimize the environmental damage caused by the 2.2 billion such bags Israelis use every year, the Ministerial Committee for Legislation has decided.
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Consumers will still be allowed to buy the bags that supporters of the bill say ultimately clog streams and collect on roadsides, though the idea is they will be less likely to use the bags if they have to pay for the privilege.
Opponents of the bill say it amounts to a tax on shoppers, harms local businesses that manufacture bags – worth 80 million shekels ($23 million) a year – and isn’t as environmentally beneficial as its advocates claim.
“The Environmental Protection Ministry cynically exploited the security situation and rammed a bill through the legislation committee that’s controversial due to the economic harm [it will cause] to consumers and manufacturers,” said the Forum of Plastic Bag Manufacturers, a trade association.
Ministers voted Sunday to back the ban and said stores should pay bag manufacturers and importers no more than 40 agorot (about 12 cents) per bag, about one-third of the previously proposed charge. The price for shoppers will probably come to about 60 agorot per bag.
The bill, which still requires Knesset approval, calls for the free distribution of reusable bags before the prohibition on free plastic bags takes effect.
A quarter of the 275 plastic bags the average Israeli uses every year are thrown in the garbage immediately after consumers bring home their purchases, but it takes hundreds of years for the plastic to degrade, at great cost to open spaces and the sea, says the Environmental Protection Ministry, which sponsored the law.
The ministry said Israeli consumers will not be seriously harmed by the new law. A survey it conducted showed that more than 70 percent of Israelis support banning the free bags.
Economy Minister Naftali Bennett voted against the bill and is expected to appeal the ministerial committee’s decision to the full cabinet.
If Israelis continued to use the bags, the charge would essentially be an annual tax of 578 shekels per family, making it a victory for the businesspeople earning an additional 80 million shekels at the expense of regular shoppers, said the bag manufacturers association.
It also said many Israelis reuse the plastic bags as garbage bags, which they would end up having to buy for that purpose if the law were passed.
The bill calls for the money collected from the manufacturers and importers to be put into a fund to clean up the environment and assist local bag manufacturers hurt by the law, though no mechanism for the compensation has been agreed upon so far.