Jerusalem bus bombing 2002, Eyal Warshavsky
Policeman standing next to a Jerusalem bus, after a suicide bombing, June 2002. Photo by Eyal Warshavsky
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July 2000: Camp David peace conference with participation of then-prime minister Ehud Barak, Palestinian Authority head Yasser Arafat and U.S. president Bill Clinton fails; Israel and United States blame the Palestinian side

September 28, 2000: Visit to Temple Mount by opposition leader Ariel Sharon stirs serious disturbances at the site

September 29, 2000: Border Police officer shot to death by Palestinian policeman during joint Israeli-Palestinian patrol in Qalqilyah; seven Palestinians killed by Israel police on Temple Mount; unrest spreads to West Bank and Gaza Strip

September 30, 2000: French television station France 2 broadcasts shooting death of 12-year-old Mohammed al-Dura during an exchange of fire at Netzarim junction in Gaza; IDF is blamed

October 1, 2000: Palestinians try to seize control of Joseph's Tomb in Nablus, shooting Border Policeman Madhat Yusuf. Wounded and bleeding to death, Yusuf dies after Palestinian security forces prevent his evacuation for five hours

October 4, 2000: Paris summit meeting between Barak, Arafat and U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright

October 1-8, 2000: Violent demonstrations by Arab Israelis in the north, 12 of whom, along with one Palestinian, are killed by Israeli police gunfire; later, a state commission of inquiry, headed by justice Theodor Or, is established to investigate the events

October 7, 2000: Bachor Jann, a Jewish Israeli from Rishon Letzion, killed by a stone thrown at his car from the Israeli Arab village of Jisr al-Zarqa on the coastal highway

October 12, 2000: Lynching in Ramallah: Two Israeli reserve soldiers, Vadim Nurzhitz and Yossi Avrahami, accidentally enter Ramallah and are murdered by a mob in the city's police station

October 17, 2000: Sharm el-Sheikh summit with Clinton, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, Barak and Arafat

November 20, 2000: Two killed when bomb explodes next to school bus in Gaza Strip settlement of Kfar Darom

December 9, 2000: In the wake of the intifada and the loss of his majority in the Knesset, prime minister Barak announces his resignation; direct elections for prime minister set

December 12, 2000: Ten Israelis murdered as bus is bombed and shot at in West Bank settlement of Immanuel

December 31, 2000: Thabet Thabet, head of Tanzim militia in Tul Karm, assassinated - first Israeli killing of a political figure in the intifada

January 17, 2001: Ophir Rahum, a teenager from Ashkelon, is murdered after being lured to Ramallah for a date by a Palestinian woman over the Internet

January 23, 2001: Two Israeli restaurateurs, Motti Dayan and Etgar Zeitouny, abducted in Tul Karm and murdered

January 21-27, 2001: Taba conference: Israel and Palestinians again fail to come to terms

February 6, 2001: Sharon trounces Barak in special election for prime minister

February 11, 2001: At Arafat's order, all Hamas and Islamic Jihad prisoners held by PA are released

March 26, 2001: Shalhevet Pass, a 10-month-old girl, is murdered by a Palestinian sniper in Hebron

March 28, 2001: Two Israelis murdered in suicide attack outside Kfar Sava

May 18, 2001: Five Israelis murdered in terrorist attack in Netanya mall

June 1, 2001: Twenty-one Israeli partygoers murdered in suicide attack at Dolphinarium club in Tel Aviv

June 13, 2001: CIA director George Tenet mediates truce agreement, which is not implemented on the ground

July 16, 2001: Two Israelis murdered in suicide attack at Binyamina train station

August 9, 2001: Fifteen Israelis murdered in suicide attack on Sbarro pizzeria in center of Jerusalem

August 27, 2001: Popular Front leader Abu Ali Mustafa assassinated by Israel

September 9, 2001: Three Israelis killed in suicide attack at Nahariya train station, perpetrated by an Israeli Arab

October 17, 2001: Tourism minister Rehavam Ze'evi assassinated in Jerusalem hotel by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine squad

November 23, 2001: Mahmoud Abu Hanoud, commander of Hamas' military wing in West Bank, assassinated by Israel in missile attack

December 1, 2001: Eleven Israelis murdered in double suicide attack on Ben Yehuda pedestrian mall in Jerusalem

December 2, 2001: Fifteen Israelis murdered in suicide attack on Haifa bus

January 3, 2002: In Red Sea operation, Israel Navy seizes weapons ship Karine A, transporting missiles and rockets for PA

January 14, 2002: IDF assassinates Raed Karmi, a most-wanted terrorist from Fatah's Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades; in response, Fatah starts to perpetrate attacks inside Israel as well as in territories

February 16, 2002: Three killed in suicide attack at mall in West Bank settlement of Karnei Shomron

February 19, 2002: Six soldiers killed in shooting attack at Ein Ariq checkpoint in West Bank

March 2, 2002: Ten killed in suicide attack at synagogue in Beit Yisrael, an Orthodox neighborhood in Jerusalem

March 5, 2002: Three killed in terrorist attack at Sea Food Market restaurant in Tel Aviv

March 7, 2002: Five students in pre-army yeshiva in Atzmona, Gaza Strip, murdered by terrorist who infiltrates settlement

March 9, 2002: Eleven Israelis murdered in suicide attack at Moment cafe in Jerusalem, one block from prime minister's residence

March 20, 2002: Seven killed in suicide attack near Megiddo Prison

March 27, 2002: Thirty people murdered in terrorist attack at Park Hotel in Netanya during Passover seder

March 28, 2002: Three family members shot to death by terrorist who infiltrates their home in West Bank settlement of Elon Moreh

March 29, 2002: IDF launches 45-day Operation Defensive Shield in West Bank to destroy terrorist infrastructure. Major events: Arafat trapped in Ramallah PA headquarters; Palestinian terrorists take refuge in Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem; armored bulldozers wreak huge damage in Jenin refugee camp and 13 IDF soldiers killed in ambush there

March 31, 2002: Sixteen Israelis murdered in suicide attack at Matza restaurant in Haifa

April 2002: Government authorizes building of separation fence

April 10, 2002: Ten killed in suicide attack in bus at Yagur junction

April 12, 2002: Six killed in suicide attack in Jerusalem's Mahane Yehuda market

April 27, 2002: Four murdered in terrorist attack in West Bank settlement of Adura

May 7, 2002: Sixteen people murdered in suicide attack at Rishon Letzion club

May 19, 2002: Three killed in suicide attack in Netanya market

May 22, 2002: Two killed in suicide attack on pedestrian mall in Rishon Letzion

May 27, 2002: Two killed in suicide attack at Petah Tikva mall

May 28, 2002: Terrorist infiltrates West Bank settlement of Itamar and murders four Israelis

June 5, 2002: Seventeen Israelis killed when terrorist blows up a car next to a bus at Megiddo junction

June 18, 2002: Nineteen Israelis killed when terrorist blows up bus at Patt junction in Jerusalem

June 19, 2002: Six Israelis murdered in suicide attack at French Hill bus stop in Jerusalem

June 20, 2002: Terrorist infiltrates settlement of Itamar and murders five Israelis

July 16, 2002: Nine Israelis killed in terrorist attack near Immanuel in West Bank

July 17, 2002: Five people murdered in suicide attack at pedestrian mall in Tel Aviv

July 22, 2002: Salah Shehadeh, head of Hamas military wing in Gaza, killed when one-ton bomb is dropped on his home by Israel Air Force; 15 others, including his children and neighbors, also die in the attack

July 31, 2002: Seven people murdered in bomb attack on cafeteria at Hebrew University of Jerusalem's Mount Scopus campus, and two more die later. Five of the victims are American

August 4, 2002: Nine people murdered in suicide attack on bus at Meron junction

September 19, 2002: Six murdered in suicide attack on bus in Allenby Street in Tel Aviv

October 21, 2002: Fourteen Israelis murdered in suicide attack on bus at Karkur junction

October 29, 2002: Three Israelis murdered by Palestinian who infiltrates the Samarian settlement of Hermesh

November 4, 2002: Two killed in suicide attack at Kfar Sava mall

November 15, 2002: Twelve Israelis, among them Hebron Brigade commander Col. Dror Weinberg, killed in firefight after attack on Sabbath-eve worshipers in Hebron

November 21, 2002: Ten Israelis and a Romanian worker killed in suicide attack on bus in Jerusalem

January 5, 2003: Twenty-three people murdered in double suicide attack at old central bus station in Tel Aviv

March 5, 2003: Seventeen Israelis murdered in suicide attack on Haifa bus

March 8, 2003: Ibrahim Makadmeh, Hamas number-two in Gaza, assassinated by Israel

April 30, 2003: Three killed in suicide attack perpetrated by British nationals at Mike's Place, a Tel Aviv beachfront restaurant

May 1, 2003: Thirteen Palestinians killed in IDF operation in Saja'iyeh neighborhood of Gaza City

May 18, 2003: Seven people murdered in suicide attack in Jerusalem's French Hill neighborhood. American Steve Averbach dies later of his wounds

May 19, 2003: Three murdered in suicide attack at Afula mall

June 11, 2003: Sixteen Israelis and a foreign worker murdered in suicide attack on Jerusalem bus

June 21, 2003: Yamam police commando unit kills Abdullah Qawasmeh, top Hamas man in Hebron

June 26, 2003: Palestinian organizations declare a hudna (truce ), which lasts (off and on ) less than two months

August 15, 2003: Mohammed Sider, head of Islamic Jihad in Hebron, assassinated by Israel

August 19, 2003: Twenty-three people killed in bomb blast on Jerusalem bus

August 21, 2003: Ismail Abu Shanab, one of Hamas' leaders and founders, assassinated by Israel in rocket attack on his car in Gaza

September 9, 2003: Eight Israelis murdered in suicide attack at soldiers' hitchhiking spot next to Tzrifin army base near Ramle; nine Israelis murdered in suicide attack at Cafe Hillel in Jerusalem's German Colony neighborhood

October 4, 2003: Twenty-one Israelis murdered in suicide attack at Maxim restaurant in Haifa

January 14, 2004: Four members of Israeli security forces killed when terrorist blows herself up at Erez crossing between Israel and Gaza Strip

January 29, 2004: Eleven murdered in bomb blast on bus in Jerusalem's Rehavia neighborhood

February 22, 2004: Eight murdered in bomb blast on bus next to Liberty Bell Park in Jerusalem

March 13, 2004: Ten Israelis murdered in double suicide attack at port of Ashdod

March 22, 2004: Hamas leader Sheikh Ahmed Yassin assassinated in Israeli rocket attack on his car in Gaza

April 17, 2004: Top Hamas leader Abdel Aziz Rantisi assassinated by Israel in rocket attack on his car in Gaza

May 2, 2004: Tali Hatuel and her four daughters murdered in shooting attack on their car in Gush Katif settlement bloc in Gaza

June 28, 2004: Boy and infant girl killed when Qassam rocket lands next to a kindergarten in Sderot, near Gaza Strip

July 14, 2004: Young woman killed by Qassam rocket in Netiv Ha'asara, near Gaza Strip

August 31, 2004: Sixteen murdered in double suicide attack on buses in Be'er Sheva

September 30, 2004: IDF launches Operation Days of Penitence in Gaza; 130 Palestinians killed

October 21, 2004: Adnan al-Ghoul, senior Hamas engineer and "father of the Qassam project," assassinated by Israel

November 1, 2004: Three murdered in suicide attack at Carmel market in Tel Aviv

November 11, 2004: Arafat dies of unknown causes in Paris hospital

December 12, 2004: Five soldiers killed in tunnel blast at Rafah border crossing

January 9, 2005: Mahmoud Abbas elected president of Palestinian Authority

January 13, 2005: Six Israelis killed in attack at Karni crossing between Israel and Gaza

February 18, 2005: Sharm el-Sheikh summit: Sharon and Abbas declare official end to second intifada; Israel suspends assassination policy, PA stops terrorist attacks

February 25, 2005: Five murdered in suicide attack at club on Tel Aviv promenade

March 17, 2005: Cairo accord: Hamas agrees to a tahadiyeh (lull )

July 12, 2005: Five murdered in suicide attack at Netanya shopping mall

August-September 2005: Disengagement: Israel evacuates its soldiers and settlers from Gaza Strip, as well as closing down four settlements in northern Samaria

September 21, 2005: Israeli man, Sasson Nuriel, abducted and murdered by Hamas squad in Bitunia in West Bank

October 26, 2005: Seven murdered in suicide attack at Hadera market

December 5, 2005: Five murdered in suicide attack in Netanya shopping mall

April 17, 2006: Eleven murdered in suicide attack at restaurant near old central bus station in Tel Aviv

June 9, 2006: Israel assassinates Jamal Abu Samhadana, head of Popular Resistance Committees in Gaza

June 25, 2006: Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit abducted and two other soldiers killed in Hamas squad attack on a tank next to Gaza security fence; Israel launches Operation Summer Rains in Gaza, but fails to free Shalit; 400 Palestinians killed

July 4, 2006: Qassam rocket strikes center of Ashkelon for first time

January 29, 2007: Three murdered in suicide attack in Eilat

May 21, 2007: Israel assassinates three top figures in Islamic Jihad rocket attack unit

June 14, 2007: Hamas completes takeover of Gaza Strip

September 11, 2007: Seven soldiers wounded by Qassam rocket at basic training base in Zikim, across from Gaza Strip

February 4, 2008: Israeli woman killed in suicide attack in Dimona

February 27, 2008: Israeli man killed by Qassam rocket in Sapir College in Sderot

February 28, 2008: IDF launches Operation Hot Winter in Gaza Strip; 120 Palestinians killed

March 6, 2008: Eight Israelis murdered by terrorist who infiltrates Merkaz Harav Yeshiva in Jerusalem

December 27, 2008: IDF launches biggest-ever ground incursion into Gaza, Operation Cast Lead; more than 1,000 Palestinians killed