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For the first time, an Israeli patient has been diagnosed with a "superbug" - one that is resistant to antibiotics.

The 50-year-old woman was involved in a traffic accident in India and hospitalized in New Delhi for five days before being transferred to the Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer. There, she was found to have an intestinal bacteria containing the enzyme New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase-1, better known as NDM-1. The enzyme, which is found in a variety of intestinal bacteria, breaks down antibiotics, thereby rendering the carrier bacteria immune to them.

The woman was immediately quarantined to prevent her from infecting anyone else. Sheba also tested all the staff who had treated her and the other patients in the ward, but did not find any who had been infected with the bug. The hospital said the woman is due to be released in a few days, once it confirms that the bug has left her system.

Two months ago, the Health Ministry ordered all hospitals to test any patient who had undergone any type of medical treatment in India since 2008 for NDM-1. The order was issued because the bug has been detected in several other Western countries in recent months.