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Israel is lacking milk, and the emergency imports from the United States weren't enough - dairy shelves are still empty.

The extreme summer heat reduced the productivity of cows at the country's dairies by 10% to 15%, leading the companies to sell about 20% less dairy products than average over the past 10 days.

The shortage could be felt on the eve of the Rosh Hashanah holiday, as consumers stocked up for four days. By Tuesday, it was nearly impossible to buy milk at the country's supermarkets. The shortage is expected to continue over the next few days, sector sources said.

Tnuva, the country's largest dairy producer, restarted production last night after the holiday and said it expected to alleviate the shortage by midweek, especially since the weather was getting cooler.

Milk production generally decreases over the summer, but this year the drop was particularly severe. So the dairies received permission to import 1,200 to 1,500 tons of powdered milk from the United States, duty free.