Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef in the Western Wall
Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef in the Western Wall. Photo by Olivier Fitoussi
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Gil Cohen-Magen
Chief Rabbi David Lau in his Modi'in home. June 27, 2013. Photo by Gil Cohen-Magen

A community or municipal rabbi has the job of providing services that some of the public, at least the secular public, neither needs nor wants. The only times nonreligious people need the services provided by the rabbi of their community – to get married or arrange a burial, for example – it is because the laws of the State of Israel grant the Orthodox establishment an autonomous monopoly in various civil matters.

Even the Religious Services Ministry concedes that some of the rabbis serving cities and smaller communities, and who are paid from public funds, are not needed. Particularly not in the smaller communities, where there are no religious institutions such as a burial society, and kashrut certificates are not issued, rendering the extent of the rabbi’s duties relatively small. Nevertheless, some of these community rabbis - whose term in office is unlimited - enjoy an annual salary, funded by taxpayers, of more than NIS 500,000, as reported by Yair Ettinger and Chaim Levinson in Haaretz on Tuesday.

The Religious Services Ministry has set a scale for determining rabbis’ salaries based on seniority, the size of the community where they serve and their rabbinic degrees. But in fact, various historical arrangements have set in stone a disproportionate and unfair remuneration policy.

Reports by religious councils reveal that, in addition to rabbis appointed over the past decade who earn NIS 7,500 a month, there are some rabbis - for example, in the community of Gan Yavneh and the settlements of Elkana and Karnei Shomron - whose salaries cost an annual NIS 929,000, NIS 765,000 and NIS 688,000, respectively. This is hundreds of times more than the average cost of salaries in the public sector or anywhere else in the economy.

The reports also reveal that in the towns of Rosh Pina, Elyachin, Azor, Even Yehuda and Kiryat Motzkin, for example, the cost of the rabbis’ salaries is relatively high considering the reported extent of their activities. That is, there is no connection whatsoever between the level of a rabbi’s salary and the work he actually does.

The solution to this improper state of affairs is a wide-ranging reform of religious services that would eliminate unnecessary positions; examine whether a rabbi is needed for every community; regulate salaries in keeping with uniform, transparent standards; and perhaps even reverse a historic injustice by releasing religious services from the Orthodox monopoly and the requirement to use only its services.

All Israelis are required to fund religious institutions and religious services. Their close supervision is necessary right now, to wipe out the distortions in salaries and prevent the waste of public money.