Aside from the Jewish kings—Saul, David, Solomon and, of course, Netanyahu—when it came to serving in an official governmental capacity, the highest position a Jew could once hope to achieve was limited to “Court Jew”—you know, Joseph, Mordechai, Mayer Rothschild, Rabbi Stephen Wise and, of course, Henry Kissinger. Valued for their wisdom on matters of finance and policy, they earned...