Keeping Shabbat Jewish and Free

State and municipal authorities must balance Israel's democratic and Jewish values in determining how businesses are allowed to operate on Shabbat.

The issues of cinemas being open in Jerusalem on Shabbat and enforcement of the Tel Aviv bylaw banning businesses from being open on Shabbat have lately reentered the public debate. The appropriate solution to both these issues is related to the values at the core of Shabbat and how they are implemented in a Jewish and democratic state.