Outgoing U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Jenin, a former militant stronghold in the West Bank, on Saturday to highlight Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' law-and-order campaign, seen as one of the few successes in slow-moving peace efforts.
Rice has made frequent stops in the West Bank in recent years, but during most visits just spent a few hours each time in Abbas' walled government compound in the town of Ramallah, near Jerusalem.
Saturday's trip took her to the northern end of West Bank. Still, despite the effort to showcase improved security in the West Bank, her motorcade took a roundabout route through Israel, rather than straight through the West Bank, to reach Jenin.
Her first stop was Jenin Hospital, where she was greeted by Palestinian Prime Minister Salam Fayyad. The hospital was closed to visitors Saturday and the access road was sealed off.
Abbas' security forces have been trying to assert control in more areas of the West Bank over the past year, going after criminals, vigilante gunmen and Hamas militants. It's part of an effort by the international community to restructure and strengthen Palestinian institutions, as part of state-building.
The security campaign intensified after the Islamic militant Hamas seized Gaza by force in June 2007, with Abbas under intense pressure to prevent a repeat in the West Bank.
However, Israel continues to carry out arrest raids in areas under Abbas' control, saying Abbas' troops are still not doing enough to rein in militants. Palestinian commanders often complain that the Israeli raids undermine their authority. Rice's visit Saturday was seen as an important boost for Abbas' efforts.
Jenin residents had mixed feelings about the visitor.
They praised Abbas' forces for restoring since deploying in the spring. However, many were pessimistic about a peace deal that would deliver Palestinian statehood. Rice acknowledged earlier this week that a year-end target for such an agreement was no longer realistic.
Barber Mohammed Hamdan, 48, said life has improved. You don't see stolen cars, you don't see people breaking the law in public, he said. But we are looking for peace, and they have been negotiating for a long time without any real progress.
At the height of Israeli-Palestinian fighting in 2002, Jenin was a stronghold of Palestinian militants. Most armed men are now dead, in prison or have accepted an Israeli amnesty deal brokered by Abbas.
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