The first Netanyahu (1996 to 1999) was a young, energetic and arrogant prime minister. He was an oppositional, provocative and revolutionary neoconservative who aimed to change the ways of the world and ended up defeated by the very forces he himself tried to defeat.

The second Netanyahu (2009 to 2012) was the exact opposite: A mature, restrained and forlorn prime minister who during his four-year...