A.G., who fled Eritrea to avoid being conscripted in the army of its dictatorial regime, limps noticeably. He fell off a crane in October 2012 after a year of working on a luxury project in Tel Aviv. An ambulance took him to the hospital, where he was treated and slept for 29 hours. When he awoke, he discovered that his employer had recorded his name as “Sa’id,” which is not...