King Abdullah of Jordan
King Abdullah of Jordan Photo by Reuters
Text size
related tags

Pro-democracy protesters clashed with police Monday during King Abdullah II's visit to the southern Jordanian city of Tafila, 180 kilometres south of Amman.

Some of the activists hurled stones at policemen, media reports said.

The protesters, who are affiliated with the Popular Mobility group, said they were forced to resort to violence because their representatives were barred from meeting with Abdullah to discuss their demands calling for political and economic reforms.

The group later issued a statement saying it was determined to continue its push for political change, including the formation of a new national reformist government.

It is unclear what reception the Jordanian king received in Tafila; a security officer said that a crowd of youths flung objects at the monarch's motorcade in two incidents in Tafila, however the government has denied these claims.

The security officer, who requested to remain anonymous because he is not authorized to discuss royal matters, said the king was unharmed.

Government Spokesperson Taher Edwan, said there was "friction ... between some citizens and policemen during the scramble of citizens to shake hands with the king."

However, he added that reports the monarch was attacked were "totally baseless."

"There was no attack whatsoever with empty bottles and stones," he said. "What happened is that a group of young Jordanians thronged the monarch's motorcade to shake hands with him." He said when police "pushed them away, there was a lot of shoving."

A Royal Palace official who accompanied Abdullah gave a similar account: "It was a gesture of welcome, not an attack."

It wasn't immediately possible to reconcile the two versions, and further details of any attack were not immediately available.

Abdullah was on a fact-finding trip to inspect infrastructure projects and hear his subjects' demands.

As violence has rocked other authoritarian countries across the Arab world, it has been rare in Jordan, where pro-democracy protests in recent months have generally been confined to relatively small and peaceful demonstrations in this key U.S.-allied nation.

On Sunday, acceding to a major demand of those protests, Abdullah announced he would accept elected Cabinets in the future, replacing a system under which the king appointed the prime minister and other ministers. He did not give a timetable, saying that sudden change could lead to "chaos and unrest" in Jordan.

It was the first time that King Abdullah II has made such a concession to demands he loosen the monarchy's absolute grip on power.

In the televised speech, marking his 12th year as ruler, Abdullah said that future Cabinets would be formed according to an elected parliamentary majority. He did not say when the change would take place, but suggested that it would come after relevant laws are in place.

Political analyst Labib Kamhawi, usually an outspoken critic, said the king's remarks were a "step forward, but we have to wait and see the final outcome." He added that "we want to see more being done for wider civil liberties and less security interference in the affairs of the state."

Without elaborating, the king did promise further changes, saying a royal commission is exploring "possible amendments" to the constitution appropriate for Jordan's "present and future."

When Abdullah ascended to the throne in 1999, he floated the idea of a constitutional monarchy similar to the British model, but little was said in the intervening years. As pro-democracy revolutions swept through the region this year, however, he, too, faced increasing pressure to speed up reforms or risk serious unrest in his tiny kingdom.

A similar movement in Morocco is also calling for reducing the monarch's powers there and strengthening the prime minister's position.

Many Jordanians are demanding a new parliament to replace one viewed as docile, based on an electoral system skewed to support the Hashemite monarchy.

A small dissident group wants the king to relinquish all his power and become a figurehead. But major political parties, such as the powerful Muslim Brotherhood, reject that call, describing the king a "stabilizing influence." Brotherhood spokesman Jamil Abu Bakr had warned, however, that reforms were needed to "avoid the tragedies taking place in the region."

In the past, Abdullah has said that he wants to see Jordan's splintered 33 political parties merge into three blocs from which Cabinets could be formed.

Abdullah said Sunday the changes would be implemented based on the recommendations of a national dialogue committee, which recently proposed laws governing elections and political parties. The committee is also reviewing economic legislation to tackle official corruption, nepotism and bureaucracy.

The Jordanian government has lifted restrictions on public assembly, allowing protesters to demonstrate freely. But it has said it needs time to enact laws on political freedoms, including those addressing elections and political parties.

In February, at the outset of protests, Abdullah sacked his prime minister, responding to protesters' demands that he was insensitive to their economic hardships.