Demonstrators hold Kurdish and opposition flags during a protest against Assad - July 20, 2012.
Demonstrators hold Kurdish and opposition flags during a protest against Syrian President Bashar Assad in Kubani, near Aleppo July 20, 2012. Photo by Reuters
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Syrian rebels battled President Bashar Assad's forces near the main intelligence base in the northern city of Aleppo on Sunday as helicopter gunships bombarded several districts of Damascus in an effort to drive out insurgents, witnesses said.

Fighting raged in other parts of Aleppo, Syria's main commercial and industrial hub, and demonstrators defaced overnight a statue of Assad's father, the late president Hafez Assad, in the central Shahba area, breaking off parts of the stone edifice, according to a video taken by activists.

"Sounds of explosions from different areas are shaking the whole city. A heavy exchange of gunfire has been going on near the State Security Headquarters in al-Mouhafaza (district) since the morning," a housewife there told Reuters by telephone.

Opposition sources said fighters from rural areas around Aleppo had been converging on the city of three million people near the border with Turkey. The rebel Tawhid Battalion said in a video statement that a battle to "liberate Aleppo" had begun.

In the capital Damascus, Assad's forces appeared to be clawing back territory taken by insurgents earlier in the week, driving them out of the Mezze district, according to residents and opposition activists.

Elite Fourth Division troops were besieging the northern Damascus neighborhood of Barzeh and the sound of tank fire was heard in the district, they said. Helicopter gunships fired machineguns at the nearby district of Rukn al-Din and Qaboun.

The Syrian Observatory for Human rights said Sunday that more than 19,000 people have been killed since the outbreak of an anti-regime revolt last year, AFP reported.

"At least 19,106 people, most of them civilians, have been killed since March last year," the Observatory's Rami Abdel Rahman told AFP.

They included 13,296 civilians, 4,861 regime troops and 949 defectors, he said.

"The toll does not include the thousands of people missing in detention,' said Abdel Rahman. 'Nor does it include thousands of soldiers whose deaths the regime has concealed in a bid to keep the army's morale high."