Members of the Free Syrian Army chant slogans against Syrian President Bashar Assad in Azzaz, Aleppo
Members of the Free Syrian Army chant slogans against Syrian President Bashar Assad in Azzaz, Aleppo province July 17, 2012. Photo by Reuters
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Human rights activists reported on Saturday that Syrian President Bashar Assad’s forces launched an attack against rebel forces in Aleppo, Syria’s second largest city.

Rami Abdul Rahman, who runs the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, reported Saturday morning that clashes had begun in various neighborhoods throughout Aleppo, with heavy exchanges of fire in the Salah ad-Din district. According to Rahman, the Syrian army is using heavy artillery and airborne attacks indiscriminately.

The city of Aleppo is of great strategic importance for both the Syrian regime and the rebels. Syrian government forces believe that retaking Aleppo, an important buffer zone in northeastern Syria, could tip the scales in the Syrian regime’s favor following the recent recapturing of Damascus.

On Saturday morning, reports surfaced from Syria claiming that roughly 30 people were killed, mostly in Idlib and the outskirts of Damascus.

Earlier, on Friday night, the Syrian ambassador to Belarus Farouq Taha declared his decision to defect from Assad’s regime, claiming that he has opposed the regime’s suppression of the protests for roughly seven months, but as of yet was unable to make it known publicly.

According to Taha, the Syrian regime does not hesitate to harm the families of diplomats, who oppose government policy. Taha also called on other diplomats to declare their intention to defect, claiming that the current silence from diplomats has begun to border on treason against the Syrian people.

Taha is considered one of the most senior Syrian diplomats, with 44 years of experience in the country’s foreign ministry.

Also on Friday, Syrian MP Ikhlas Badawi, defected and fled to Turkey, in protest of what she described as the monstrous suppression of the Syrian people.