This day in Jewish history / Jews banned from beyond the Pale
In 1791, Catherine the Great signed an order confining Russian Jews to the borders of the Pale of Settlement.
On December 23, 1791, Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great) signed the order restricting Jews of the Russian empire to living in what was called the Pale of Settlement. Although the borders of the Pale (the word comes from Old English, and refers to a “pole” or “stake” used to define an enclosed area) changed with time, as did the specific regulations that limited the movements of...
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