This Day in Jewish History Austrian Queen Expels the Jews

Maria Theresa, queen of Austria and archduchess of Hungary and Bohemia, was known for her hatred of Jews. On this day in 1744, she banished them from her kingdom.

On December 18, 1744, Maria Theresa, queen of Austria and archduchess of Hungary and Bohemia, signed an edict ordering the expulsion of all Jews, first from Prague – which they had to depart by the end of January 1745 – and then, by June, from all her hereditary dominions, that is, from Moravia and Bohemia.