This Day in Jewish History An Alternative Jewish Homeland Is Founded, Almost

Birobidzhan was intended as a national home for Jews in the Russian Far East. The foundation was laid but the project never really got off the ground.

On March 28, 1928, the presidium of the General Executive Committee of the Soviet Union approved the establishment of a Jewish national region in the country’s Far East. Informally referred to as Birobidzhan, after the name of the district’s capital city, the region, which borders Manchuria, was meant as a homeland for the Jews of the USSR, with Yiddish serving with Russian as one of two official...