This Day in Jewish History Members of proto-Zionist Group Bilu Land in Palestine

Fourteen members of group emigrate from Russia to escape progroms, the start of Zionism's First Aliyah period.

On July 6, 1882, the first group of 14 members of the proto-Zionist group Bilu disembarked in Jaffa. They were not the first Russian Jews to emigrate to Palestine in the wake of the wave of pogroms that had begun the preceding autumn, but they were the first to do so in an organized manner.