This Day in Jewish History Polish-Jewish Socialist Wiktor Alter Executed in Russia

Respected longtime leader of the social-democratic Bund, both in Poland and internationally, Alter was one of the founders of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee.

On February 17, 1943, the Polish-Jewish socialist Wiktor Alter was executed in Russia, on the order of Joseph Stalin. At the time, Soviet authorities announced that Alter – respected longtime leader of the social-democratic Bund both in Poland and internationally – was a spy for Nazi Germany, but it was nearly half a century before his name was cleared of the absurd charge.