On the evening of December 19, 1903, a Hanukkah ball in Paris was interrupted by gunshots, as a young man opened fire on Zionist luminary Max Nordau. Nordau was not hit by the bullets, although a bystander was grazed by a shot. As he took aim at the 54-year-old Nordau, the shooter, a 27-year-old student of Russian origin named Chaim Zelig Louban apparently shouted, “Death to Nordau, the East African.”