This Day in Jewish History The Beginning of the End of Iraq's Jewish Community

The potent mix of British rule, Nazi influence, and a domestic struggle for power set the stage for a violent attack on Baghdad's Jews.

June 2, 1941, was the second and final day of the anti-Jewish pogrom in Baghdad that became known as the Farhud. The Farhud (literally, “violent dispossession”) not only took the lives of hundreds of Jews, and wounded many more; it also spelled the beginning of the end of Iraq’s ancient Jewish community, nearly all of whose 135,000 members had left the country within a decade.