Eight Western governments are boycotting a major United Nations conference on racism, citing concerns about a draft text prepared for the Geneva meeting.
Following are excerpts of the most contentious points from the "draft outcome document", developed in Geneva negotiations that concluded on Friday, as well as excerpts from a 2001 declaration and program of action to which it refers:
DRAFT OUTCOME DOCUMENT (2009)
Paragraph 1: "Reaffirms the Durban Declaration and Program of Action (DDPA), as it was adopted at the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance in 2001."
Paragraph 13: "Reaffirms that any advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence shall be prohibited by law; reaffirms further that all dissemination of ideas based on racial superiority or hatred, incitement to racial discrimination as well as all acts of violence or incitement to such acts shall be declared offence punishable by law, in accordance with the international obligations of States and that these prohibitions are consistent with freedom of opinion and expression."
DURBAN DECLARATION AND PROGRAMME OF ACTION (2001)
Paragraph 58: "We recall that the Holocaust must never be forgotten."
Paragraph 61: "We recognize with deep concern the increase in anti-Semitism and Islamophobia in various parts in the world, as well as the emergence of racial and violent movements based on racism and discriminatory ideas about Jewish, Muslim and Arab communities."
Paragraph 63: "We are concerned about the plight of the Palestinian people under foreign occupation. We recognize the inalienable right of the Palestinian people to self-determination and to the establishment of an independent State and we recognize the right to security for all States in the region, including Israel, and call upon all States to support the peace process and bring it to an early conclusion."
Paragraph 64: "We call for a just, comprehensive and lasting peace in the region in which all peoples shall co-exist and enjoy equality, justice and internationally recognised human rights, and security."
Paragraph 150: The World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance "Calls upon States, in opposing all forms of racism, to recognize the need to counter anti-Semitism, anti-Arabism and Islamophobia worldwide, and urges all States to take effective measures to prevent the emergence of movements based on racism and discriminatory ideas concerning these communities."
Paragraph 151: "As for the situation in the Middle East, calls for the end of violence and the swift resumption of negotiations, respect for international human rights and humanitarian law, respect for the principle of self-determination and the end of all suffering, thus allowing Israel and the Palestinians to resume the peace process, and to develop and prosper in security and freedom.
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