Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, Oct 14 AP
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas waves at the Palestinian Presidential compound in the West Bank city of Ramallah, Thursday, Oct. 14, 2010. Photo by AP
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The Palestinian Authority on Tuesday set long overdue local council elections for July 9 in both the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the government spokesman said. The rival Hamas government that rules Gaza promptly rejected the move.

The recent push for Palestinian elections appears to reflect fears that two weeks of street protests demanding increased democracy in nearby Egypt could lead to similar calls in the Palestinian territories.

The Palestinian Authority has not held elections since 2006, leaving Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and members of parliament in office after their elected terms ended.

Palestinian Authority spokesman Ghassan Khatib said Tuesday's Cabinet decision calls for elections in both of the bitterly divided Palestinian territories. He said if Hamas did not allow for vote preparations in Gaza, the balloting would be held only in the West Bank.

Senior Hamas leader Mushir al-Masri said "these elections are as illegal as the government of Salam Fayyad. We say no to elections before ending the current Palestinian split, because holding it under such circumstances would reinforce the split."

The West Bank-Gaza "split must end first" before the Hamas agrees to elections, he said.

Hamas spokesman Fawzi Barhoum said the West Bank government has no right to call this election. He said Hamas would not participate in any vote, even in the West Bank, until the two governments were reconciled.

They have been bitter rivals since Hamas seized control of Gaza in 2007, leaving Abbas governing only in the West Bank. Repeated Egyptian-backed efforts to reconcile the two groups have failed.

The Palestinian Authority - a huge recipient of American and European aid - has had a spotty record with democracy in recent years.In 2010, Abbas canceled local elections in the West Bank when it appeared that his Fatah movement would lose key seats to independents.

Fatah has been burned twice before by heading into elections despite warnings of impending defeat. Hamas scored heavily in 2005 municipal elections and won a strong majority in the Palestinian parliament the next year.

Elections have not been held in the territories since.

Abbas' four-year term expired in 2009, though it has been extended indefinitely. The parliament's term expired in 2010, but the legislature remains in office, although its work is hindered by the split between the territories.