Chronology - Life and death of Saddam Hussein
Key dates in the life of former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein.
Saddam Hussein was hanged on Saturday for crimes against humanity for the killing of 148 Shi'ite men and boys in Dujail after a 1982 assassination attempt.
Following are key dates in the life of the former Iraqi president:
April 28, 1937 - Born in al-Awja village outside Tikrit, 150 km (90 miles) north of Baghdad.
Oct. 1956 - Joins uprising against pro-British royalist rulers and then becomes a militant in the pan-Arab, secular Baath Party.
Oct. 1959 - A year after overthrow of monarchy, takes part in attempt to kill Prime Minister Abdel-Karim Kassem. Flees abroad.
Feb. 1963 - Returns to Baghdad when the Baath Party seizes power in a military coup but nine months later Baathists are toppled. Caught and jailed. Elected deputy secretary-general of the party while in prison.
July 1968 - Saddam helps plot the coup that puts the Baath Party back in power, deposing President Abdul-Rahman Aref.
March 1975 - As vice-president of the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC), signs border agreement with the Shah of Iran, who ends support for an Iraqi Kurdish revolt, causing its collapse.
July 16, 1979 - Takes power after President Ahmed Hassan al -Bakr steps aside as chairman of the RCC.
Sept. 22, 1980 - Following border skirmishes, Saddam launches war on Iran that lasts eight years.
March 16, 1988 - Iraqi forces launch chemical attack on Iraqi Kurdish town of Halabja, killing about 5,000 people.
Aug. 20, 1988 - A ceasefire is officially implemented in the Iran-Iraq war. The campaign against Kurds continues.
Aug. 2, 1990 - Launches invasion of Kuwait, prompting U.N. Security Council to impose sanctions on Iraq.
Jan. 17, 1991 - U.S.-led forces start Gulf War with air attacks on Iraq and occupied Kuwait. Hostilities end on Feb 28 with eviction of Iraqi forces from Kuwait.
Oct. 15, 1995 - Saddam wins a presidential referendum and is elected unopposed with more than 99 percent of the vote.
Oct. 15, 2002 - Official results show Saddam wins 100 percent of votes in a referendum for a new term in office.
Dec. 7, 2002 - Saddam apologises for invasion of Kuwait but blames the emirate's leadership. Kuwait rejects the apology.
Feb. 2003 - In first interview in more than a decade, Saddam denies Baghdad has any banned weapons or links to al Qaeda.
March 20 - U.S. launches war against Iraq.
April 9 - U.S. forces sweep into the heart of Baghdad as Saddam's three-decade rule crumbles.
July 22 - U.S. military confirms Saddam's two sons, Uday and Qusay, were killed in gun battle in Mosul.
Dec. 14 - U.S. officials announce capture of Saddam.
Oct. 19, 2005 - Trial opens with Saddam charged with crimes against humanity for the killing of 148 Shi'ite men in Dujail after a 1982 assassination attempt. He pleads not guilty.
Aug. 21, 2006 - Saddam refuses to enter a plea as the trial starts on charges of war crimes in the "Anfal" campaign that killed tens of thousands of Kurdish villagers in 1988.
Nov. 5, 2006 - A court in Baghdad finds Saddam guilty of crimes against humanity and sentences him to hang for the deaths of 148 Shi'ite men in Dujail.
Dec. 26, 2006 - An Iraqi appeals court confirms the guilty verdict and death sentence against Saddam in the Dujail case.
Dec. 30 - Saddam is hanged.
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