September 30, 1941, was the second and final day of the mass killing of 33,771 Jews that took place in a Kiev ravine.
David B. Green
Oscar Handlin eventually put the spotlight on the epic role of immigration in America.
Israel Zolli, chief rabbi of Rome, had a religious epiphany that led him to convert to Christianity and take the name Eugenio Maria Zolli, after Pope Pius XII.
Nahman Avigad, one of the first biblical archaeologists in modern Israel, revealed much of the history of the Jewish Quarter of the Second Temple and Byzantine periods.
Carl Laemmle, a German himself, recognized the dangers Germany posed to Jews early on and acted to frustrate it, and to rescue Jews, as best he could.
The Jews of Massena were suspected of kidnapping a local girl for a Yom Kippur sacrifice before she was discovered safe and sound on this day.
Its first critics panned it, but the play inspired by a Chagall painting went on to win 9 Tonys.
The Manischewitz clan also pioneered the industrial matzo, despite concern as to its kashrut for Passover.
Rabbi Jacob Frankel was assigned to a hospital in Philadelphia after President Abraham Lincoln intervened.
Father Pedro Arbues, the chief inquisitor of the kingdom of Aragon, was attacked at a cathedral altar, allegedly by Conversos.