The Islamic State regime in Iraq has been replaced by the anarchy arising from infighting between local tribes and militias.
Internal struggles among Iraqi and Syrian Kurds belie a widespread belief that they might cooperate – so far they can’t even determine common strategic goals.
Iraqi government and Kurdish forces surround the city from the north, east and south, while Popular Mobilisation forces - a coalition of Iranian-backed Shi'ite groups - are trying to close in from the west.
About 30 shop owners were arrested and taken away blindfolded,seemingly as a warning to retailers to refrain from raising prices that could cause unrest in the city.
Cooperation aimed at preventing 'ISIS from moving their equipment and their fighters,' leader Shi'ite militia says.
Majority of the victims are Iranian Shi'ite pilgrims, seen as apostates by Sunni militant group ISIS.
'This effort impedes Daesh's freedom of movement in Mosul, it inhibits their ability to resupply or reinforce their fighters throughout the city,' said U.S. spokesman.
Fighters close in on road that links Syrian and Iraqi parts of ISIS' self-declared caliphate in fifth week of U.S.-backed offensive to re-take Iraqi city.
Upon seizing the Nineveh plains, Islamic State issued an ultimatum to Christians: pay a tax, convert to Islam, or die by the sword.
Text messages sent from inside Mosul to Iraqi military intelligence reveals that although ISIS might remain lethal, it is mired in internal disarray.