Everyone in the city realizes there’s a separation between the neglected Arab east and the richer Jewish west. A Haaretz correspondent took a bike ride to seek out that contentious strip of Israel’s old border
The Green Line refers to the 1949 armistice lines established between Israel and its Arab neighbors in the aftermath of the 1948 War of Independence. The war led to sovereignty of the fledgling Jewish state over 78.5% of historic Palestine, now commonly referred to as Israel inside the Green Line. Beyond the Green Line lay the Jordanian-controlled West Bank and the Egyptian-ruled Gaza Strip.
The Green Line effectively divided the holy city of Jerusalem in half, with the Israel-Jordan border running through the middle of the city, with the Old City and its holy sites on the Jordanian side.
The 1967 Six-Day War changed the geopolitical landscape and resulted in territories beyond the Green Line falling under Israeli authority. Internationally, these areas are not recognized as part of Israel, although shortly after the war Israel annexed East Jerusalem and in 1980 did the same to the Golan Heights, previously part of Syria.
Since the 1967, successive Israeli governments have built settlements beyond the Green Line, on lands that the Palestinians claim as theirs, but Israel’s control over the Palestinian territories is still unrecognized according to international law.
The 1993 Oslo Accords stipulated that steps be taken toward attaining Palestinian self-rule in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. As agreed upon in talks, the Israel Defense Forces evacuated its posts in most Palestinians cities, and Israel agreed to a negotiated peace deal roughly based on the Green Line, or pre-1967 lines.
In the years since the Oslo Accords, the Palestinian Authority has sought to establish an independent Palestinian state along the Green Line, with East Jerusalem as its capital. The ultimately unsuccessful Camp David summit between late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and then Israeli prime minister Ehud Barak in July 2000 focused on a solution that would see areas beyond the Green Line handed over to the Palestinians.
Most recently, a 2002 Arab initiative proposed that in return for a complete Israeli withdrawal to the Green Line, all Arab states would recognize and establish normalized relations with Israel.
Similar initiatives - such as George W. Bush's "Road Map" and Bill Clinton's "Parameters" - have also assumed an Israeli withdrawal to the Green Line, with some territorial exchanges allowing for the major settlement blocs to remain in Israeli hands.
Relatively few Arabs remained within Israel’s post-1948 borders, but the fact that no Jews remained in the territories conquered by the Arabs has been forgotten.
Last of the protesters evicted from the illegal outpost's synagogue ■ Forty-one officers wounded during evacuation ■ Netanyahu promises new settlement for Amona evacuees ■ Bennett vows annexation of West Bank.
Residents of Tzur Hadassah in the Judean Hills object to construction beyond the town’s boundary.
Official quoted as saying Netanyahu requested delay in vote – which pertains to both Jewish and Palestinian homes – due to fears of further straining U.S. ties.
U.S. State Department says Israel's actions raise questions as to its commitment to a negotiated settlement with the Palestinians.
The building plan on the docket was on the expansion Gilo, in an area that has raised the ire of the U.S. in the past. Officials in City Hall confirmed that outside pressure led to the canceling.
Planning committee adds 56 residential units to 700 already planned, by expanding building density, not boundaries.
Plan to build some 2,500 housing units beyond 1967 Green Line being spearheaded by private developers, but enjoys local government's support.
These are construction plans that would never have passed international muster had they not been preceded by acts of gruesome violence.