Move comes after Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt ended their boycott of Qatar, in place since 2017 over alleged terrorism links
The Muslim Brotherhood is a social and political Islamist movement, founded in 1928 in Egypt by Islamic scholar Hassan al-Banna. Currently based in Egypt, the movement has a presence in 70 countries.
Throughout its history, the Brotherhood has made several unsuccessful attempts to gain political control, and as a result, its activities have been repeatedly banned and its members oppressed. In the wake of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Brotherhood was disbanded by the new Egyptian government and its members arrested. Brotherhood activities have also been suppressed in Syria, following an assassination attempt on Assad in 1980, and most harshly during the 1982 Hama Massacre, when Sunni Islamic groups, attempting to fight against Assad's regime were brutally put down. The death toll from the massacre is disputed, but estimates of victims (mostly civilian) range from 1-40,000.
In April 2011, following the 2011 Egyptian Revolution, the Muslim Brotherhood launched the Freedom and Justice Party. The party's political platform is based on Islamic law, and is in favor of free-market capitalism. Although neither Copts nor women can attain the post of Prime Minister according to the party's platform, they can serve in the cabinet.
In October 2011 following a prisoner swap between Hamas and Israel that released Gilad Shalit along with over 1,000 Palestinian prisoners, representatives of the Muslim Brotherhood visited the Gaza strip—the first Brotherhood delegation to do so. "We came to participate in the joy at the release of brothers. We are proud of them," said Brotherhood chief Goma Amin. "Resistance proved itself." Meeting with representatives of Hamas, the visit marked a major shift in relations between Cairo and the Palestinians since Mubarak's fall. In December 2011, Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh in turn visited Cairo, to great fanfare.
In January 2012, speculation arose as to whether a Brotherhood government would bring the 1979 peace treaty between Egypt and Israel to a referendum. Dr. Rashad Bayoumi, the deputy head of the Brotherhood, was quoted as saying that he"will not recognize Israel under any circumstances" because "We are talking about an occupation entity and a criminal enemy." Representatives of the Brotherhood, however, have assured American officials that the group does not intend to revoke the peace treaty with Israel.
In the first stages of the Egyptian elections that began in November 2011, the Muslim Brotherhood garnered over 65 percent of the vote. Persecuted under Mubarak's regime, the Brotherhood is expected to dominate Egypt's new parliamentary government, a body whose primary task will be to draft Egypt's new constitution.
For that joyous moment, when Mubarak was overthrown, Egyptians discovered that everything they’d been taught about their apathy and obedience was a myth. And then came the brutal counterrevolution
The end of oil, the Abraham Accords and Turkey are forcing Gulf states to renegotiate the role of religion in their societies. Talking up openness and moderation, Riyadh, Abu Dhabi and Doha have different playbooks – but share a common aim
Authorities say there is no link between raids and the Vienna attack last week, which was perpetrated by a member of Islamic State
UAE counter-terror chief: The West sees freedom of speech as sacred. For Muslims, respect for the Prophet is sacred, too. There needs to be dialogue, and action: Muslims need to integrate. Europe needs to respect Islam
Analysis Egypt's 'Anarchists' Are Once Again Calling on Sissi to Resign, but This Time It's Different
The president must contend with a protest that has spread for the first time to the countryside, just before elections where his parliament's legitimacy is at stake
Mahmoud Ezzat, who has previously been sentenced to death and to life in prison in absentia, was arrested from an apartment used as a hide-out, according to the interior ministry
Essam el-Erian, 66, had been behind bars since 2013, following the military overthrow of Egypt’s first democratically-elected president Mohamed Morsi
Jordan expressed concern about annexation in messages to the IDF and in conversations with those close to Kahol Lavan chairman Benny Gantz ■ Tensions heat up in the West Bank
In Tunisia’s collective memory, corruption is the source of all the country’s troubles, and Kais Saied's clean hands are the key to his expected victory
Reporters Without Borders says death of Islamist president was barely mentioned, with the same 42-word government statement running in the majority of Egyptian papers
Egyptian state television reports Morsi fainted after a court session and died afterwards
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The militants were killed hours after a roadside bomb struck a tourist bus near the Giza Pyramids and wounded at least 17 people
'The cell is truly empty, it has nothing at all,' says Yassin Mohamed, who spent five years behind bars due to his involvement in anti-government protests
President Trump seeks terrorist-organization status for the 90-year-old Muslim missionary movement, which for decades has renounced violence
The defendants were found guilty of taking part in a bombing which killed Hisham Barakat, a prominent official who prosecuted several Muslim Brotherhood members
Leaders were sentenced in a retrial over violence during the overthrow of Islamist president Mohammed Morsi in 2013
Opinion Jamal Khashoggi Was a Victim of Saudi Terror. He Was Also a Keen Supporter of Palestinian Terrorism
There's no justification for his murder. But don't whitewash what he believed - his commitment to Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood, his hope that Israel would 'die by force', and the anti-Semitic Islamists with whom he spent his final days
Several mass trials of Islamists that yielded dozens of death sentences have been held in Egypt since 2013, when the military, then led by President Abdel Fattah al-Sissi, removed a president from the Muslim Brotherhood
David Satterfield's longtime experience with the Egyptian military, heading the Multinational Force and Observers in Sinai, puts him at good odds for the position
Mohammed Badie has also been sentenced to death in separate trials since his 2013 arrest
The charges range from murder to damaging public property, although more than 600 sit-in participants were killed by the Egyptian military
Analysis Iran's Fighting Force in Gaza, Calling and Firing the Shots: This Is Islamic Jihad in Palestine
Hamas may rule the Strip, but it’s Islamic Jihad that will determine whether rockets are directed at Israel
Al-Sissi's only challenger is Moussa Mustafa Moussa, a little known politician who joined the race in the last minute to spare the government the embarrassment of a one-candidate election
Saudi government will dismiss anyone working in education who sympathizes with the banned group, the education minister said
Freelance journalists May al-Sabbagh and Ahmed Moustafa were working on a report on the historic Alexandria tramway for the Al Bayan newspaper based in the United Arab Emirates
President Abdel-Fattah al-Sissi's government claims that the media 'undermine the security and safety of the nation' comes in the days preceding the election
In bid to attract liberal voters, Simon Salama will stand for the Ennahda party in municipal elections. Muslim party rejects criticism from religious circles
Egypt's army reports that 16 Islamic militants were killed and over 30 suspects arrested, as part of an operation against Islamic militants