The settlement of Psagot in the West Bank, February 13, 2020

In May 2020, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said it was up to Israel whether to annex parts of the West Bank and said that Washington would offer its views privately to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, drawing a warning from Palestinians who vowed not to "stand handcuffed" if Israel formally took their land.

"As for the annexation of the West Bank, the Israelis will ultimately make those decisions," Pompeo told reporters. "That’s an Israeli decision. And we will work closely with them to share with them our views of this in (a) private setting."

Netanyahu's new coalition agreement, signed in May 2020, says that while the new government will strive for peace and regional stability, plans to extend Israeli sovereignty to Jewish settlements in the West Bank - land the Palestinians seek for a state - could advance.

The move would mean a de-facto annexation of territory that Israel seized in a 1967 war and that is presently under Israeli military control. It would have to be greenlighted by the United States, after which Netanyahu would be permitted to advance the plans from July 1, the agreement says.