The danger for Israel stems from the fact that she made peace with a dictator and not with his people. The latter would have been difficult in any case, given the visceral hate aroused by the treatment of the Palestinians. But Israel didn't try; events like the 1982 invasion of the Lebanon show that Israel was indifferent to being hated by the Arabs. Indeed the encouragement that Israel gave to Hamas as a counterweight to the PLO has ended up by making her even more hated. And Israel has never made any attempt to resolve the problem of the Palestinian refugee camps, presumably believing that the existence of 6 million Palestinian refugees with nothing better to do than hate Israel has no effect on Israel's security. The lesson of the last three thousand years is that military might does not give long-term security: think of Persia, Rome, revolutionary France, Germany ... And the lesson of the last 65 is that making peace with a people can work: think of Germany, Italy, Japan.
Italian FM arrives in Iran to promote economic, political ties (Reuters)