Umma is not a secular Arab concept about Arabs of all religions. There was never a unified "Arab" people in the Middle East. Each national group had its own identity. Many may only have gotten their modern-day names for their groups (Lebanese, Palestinian, Moroccan, Iraqi, etc) as a result of the recent re-naming of their historic homelands, but they have always been separate peoples, and acknowledged that. They only started identifying more broadly as having a common culture and language more recently, though they still don't see themselves as one "Arab" people. In fact, "Arabism" as a nationlist movement was founded only recently in history to accomplish the forging of an Arab identity (which didnt exist, and still doesnt) among the various people's who over the centuries adopted Arabic language and culture. Arabism failed because of the very fact that "Arabs" were not, and are not, one people, anymore than Hispanics are a people. They merely share a language and cultural traits. If youre gonna attack Arabs, at least open a book about Islam, and learn the difference between Islam/Muslims as opposed to "Arabs".
Judge orders Kentucky clerk to remain in jail for refusing to issue same-sex marriage licenses (AP)