Looking at the Jewish history I would say we lost Israel to Palestine and Hebrews to Jews in terminological aspects. Just think about it. If Hebrews accepted Torah and embraced Judaism as their religion they became Israelites. After the distraction of the second temple they were dispersed as a nation, but those who kept their religion became Ashkenazim, Mizrahim, Sepharadim, Etiopim, Taimanim, Hodim, etc... Jews. Israelites who stayed became Palestinians. Each different group formed its own cultural and social traditions depending on their neighborhood. But they kept the same religion. (Isn't it interesting to see how Sephardim in Israel and abroad are trying to send their children to the Ashkenazic Yeshivas?) Now Going back to Hebrews. There are many evidences are showing that Pashtun clans in Afghanistan are keeping some very important Jewish traditions. They are the TALIBAN. We can bring in a talk about Crypto Jews, Marrano Jews, etc. Now we can see the Jewish roots are awakening young generation of Polish immigrants who are rediscovering their Jewish identity. In my view the question "Why all these people chose to be Jewish by ethnicity or religion" is much more complicated then the question " If a Jew can be a Cristian or a Muslim". Really, why there are so many people right now ( and not before) suddenly Identify themselves with the most abused and persecuted ethnically not always identifiable group of people? What makes all of us to fight for being the scape goats regardless on our religious observance?
Hamas says Egyptian mediation has restored calm along Israel, Gaza border (Haaretz)
from the article: You can't be a Jewish Muslim