In D'varim 20:8 (Dueteronomy) which deals with war and battle it clearly says that anyone who is afraid in the face of battle should be sent home. No arrested, not tried. And certainly not shot. I know that this enlightened bit of Torah was dumped by even the most Torah observant for being inconvenient but it is there nonetheless. Why is it that we Jews tend to favour the strictest, most unbending of commandments whilst disregarding anything that smacks of leniency. Could it be that the spirit of Shamai won out over Hillel all those years ago nut we just don't want to admit it? As for Amidror, he should be reminded that it is the duty of every human being to refuse to follow orders that go against your conscience or the law. The excuse of 'I was just following orders' is no longer acceptable, if it ever was.
Report: Palestinian, 18, killed in clashes with IDF in West Bank (Haaretz)