In 1937, after suppressing various Kurdish rebellions, the Turks put Southeast Anatolia under martial law, making it subject to military occupation. In addition to destruction of villages and massive deportations, Turkish Government encouraged Kosovar Albanians and Assyrians to settle in the Kurdish area to change the ethnic composition of the region. People were put in barns and caves and burned alive. Forests were surrounded and set alight to exterminate those who had taken refuge there. Between 1925 to 1938, more than 1.5 million Kurds were deported and massacred. In order to prevent the events from having a negative impact on Turkey's International image and reputation, foreigners were not allowed to visit the entire area east of Euphrates until 1965 and the area remained under permanent military siege till 1950. The Kurdish language was banned and the words "Kurds" and "Kurdistan" were removed from dictionaries and history books and Kurds were only referred to as "Mountain Turks"
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from the article: Turkey: Israel is strategic ally with shared interests