The Palestinians have made it clear for a long time that they are not counting on violence or terror attacks to achieve their freedom. Non-violent demonstrations have been taking place regularly in the W/B for years. Hamas has better form than Israel in holding true to agreed truces. This non-violent approach is not a new factor as Carlo Strenger suggests. Rather than Cast Lead making it clear that Israel will not tolerate any violence from the Palestinians, it has rather made it clear to Israelis that their days of impunity re disproportionate force have come to an end. Cast Lead was a diplomatic disaster for Israel. As for the oft quoted surveys showing that a majority of Israelis support a two state solution - well, this actually means nothing. Its a motherhood statement which can be made quite safely because of the caveat that such a thing is impossible. Easy enough to give the 'correct' response if it is impossible anyway (and that's not even drilling down into what the average Israeli actually thinks a state is). I agree that both Israel and the PA have entered talks to humour the Americans; nothing more and nothing less but nonetheless hope that the Israelis may just be a little bit motivated due to the threat of ICC action combined with the probability of the BDS affecting their economy. But who knows - the 'exhaustion' referred to clearly doesn't apply to the energy of the Israeli government to continuing settlement activity. That still seems pretty snappy to me.