On the 9 October 1943 Hitler ordered that the 8,000 Jews of Rome were to be deported immediately [The National Archive, London, Document GFM/34/2770/E421521]. On 16 October 1943 the SS started the arrests at 5:30am [Gestapo Report, The National Archive, London, Document HW19/238]. On the morning of 16 October 1943, the German Ambassador to the Vatican, Baron von Weizsäcker, was summoned to the Vatican and warned that the Pope would speak out if the arrests did not stop [Actes et documents du Saint Siège relatifs à la seconde guerre mondiale, IX, Vatican Archives,1975, pages 505-506]. That same morning the German Commander of Rome received a note from a German Bishop warning that if the arrest of Jews was not suspended immediately the Pope would make a public protest [The National Archives, London, Documents FO1060/1368 and GFM34/2770/E421514]. The arrests stopped abruptly at 2pm. At that point only 1,259 Jews had been arrested. Of those arrested 257 were released and the remaining 1002 were sent to Auschwitz [Gestapo Report, The National Archive London, Document HW19/238]. No subsequent systematic round-up of Jewish men, women and children was ever undertaken again in Rome. Did the Pope do nothing?
Suspected assailant in car-ramming attack in West Bank shot (Haaretz)
from the article: 'Pope Pius XII saved thousands of Jews'