In the course of the twentieth century, a new form of Islam arose, one that now has great appeal and power. Militant Islam (or Islamism -same thing) goes back to Egypt in the 1920s, when an organization called the Muslim Brethren first emerged, though there are other strains as well, including an Iranian one, largely formulated by Ayatollah Khomeini, and a Saudi one, to which the Islamic Jihad in Palestine, the Taliban in Afghanistan and Usama bin Ladin all belong. Islamism differs in many ways from traditional Islam. It is faith turned into ideology, and radical ideology at that. Whereas traditional Islam places the responsibility on each believer to live according to God's will, Islamism makes this duty something for which the state is responsible. Islam is a personal belief system that focuses on the individual; Islamism is a state ideology that looks to the society.
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from the article: When the Arab boycott is aimed at Palestine