the first few centuries after the fall of Jerusalem there were still jewish centers, around yavne, Tsipory, tiberia and around the Galilee. there was a comunity life there were a president and and assamebly. In short jewish life continued. However, the Babilonian comunity was by far more important, there were more jews in Egypt and nowadays Libia than in Israel, southern Turkey had a large community as did Rome, Spain and southern France. The jews in The land of Israel were a small minority among the people of jewish faith. People just immigrated settled here and there and from time to time some went on pelerinage to Jerusalem. The jewish population did not disapear only its importance fell. There were conversions to cristianity and islam but the community survived. Now the question is why was'nt there a movement for return to Israel in spite of expultions and periodic rejection of jews as such? Why did the spanish jews prefer to go to Salonique, Amsterdam and Morroco? Some great rabbis did go bu quite a few left after a while. Not until the the birth of nationality in Europe (18th century) did some jews think about israel as a place to live in. Toward the end of the 19th century soe jews started to think of Israel as a place to live in and the Zionist movement was born. Which brings us to to or days now let us think about the great ties we have to some ruins here and there is it enough to claim ALL IS OURS?
Iraq calls Turkish assault on Kurdish militants a dangerous escalation (Reuters)
from the article: Israel must choose between Enlightenment and Romanticism